In Mexico, 10.5 million households do not have drinking water every day in your home. The lack of this service, according to specialists in human rights, it will become one of the biggest challenges to face the contingency of health for the new coronavirus.
The Organization of the United Nations (UN) he warned last week that the fight against the disease has little chance of success if there is no guarantee that the people have the liquid to wash your hands.
In accordance with the National institute of Statistics and Geography (Inegi)the inhabitants of one out of every three houses registered in the country do not have water all day.
The figure was obtained by adding 25% of the housing that receives the resource with a frequency of every third day to “once in a while”, plus 7% of which do not have this supply.
“It can be seen that 68% of the households -22 million 428 thousand 142— receive water, while 25% -8 million 411 thousand 920— get it every third day, once or twice a week, or once in a while.
“While in 7% to 2 million 85 thousand 208— don’t have it and get it acarreándola of another dwelling, a public tap, wells, rivers, streams, lakes, ponds, or through pipes,” says the Inegi.
In a positioning that issued from Geneva a panel of experts from the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights of the UN it was stressed that washing hands with soap and clean water is vital to addressing the Covid-19.
It asked the governments of the world to provide continuous access to sufficient liquid to the most vulnerable populations.
“The fight against the pandemic has little chance of success if the personal hygiene, the main measure to prevent the spread, is not within the reach of those who do not have access to safe water and sanitation services”, warned United Nations.
Tania Reneaum Panszi, Executive director of Amnesty International Mexico, said: “access to water will be one of the major challenges (…) There are people in this country who will not be able to wash their hands. The inequality is going to make quite visible”.
The UN-DH he said the main defense against the coronavirus for people more privileged economically it is the simple act of washing hands with soap and water, but put forward their concern for the vulnerable, as they can become victims of a vicious circle.
“The limited access makes them more likely to become infected, giving rise to diseases and isolation measures. This makes it difficult for people without social security to continue earning a living and their vulnerability increases.
“Governments should implement measures to break this cycle”, explained specialists of this international body.
Indigenous communities, the most affected
Another study that was done in Mexico, the Diagnosis of the Right to a Healthy Environment the National Council for the Evaluation of the Social Policy, developed by the National Council for Evaluation of Social Development Policy (coneval is used), shows that the most affected by this circumstance are the rural and indigenous communities, because they have a smaller capacity, but even if it is higher does not guarantee that the liquid will reach them.
“The indigenous communities have less coverage in drinking water infrastructure: 87.2% compared to 94.4% at the national level.
“In the country, 73% of the population receives the resource on a daily basis; 13.9%, from six to three times per week, while that 13.1%, only two or less times in that period,” he said.
Reneaum Panzsi, in an interview with EL UNIVERSAL, explained that this pandemic is going to affect fully differentiated to the people of scarce resources.
The inequality will be reflected in that, he said, there will be people who have to go to work despite the recommendations of staying at home and others that will not have access to social security.
Before this, he said, the mexican State would have to seek measures to ensure that the citizenry has the opportunity to social rights, economic and cultural.
“It is recommended to be confined, but this is a privilege of class: you can do with working conditions, stable, with social security, and when the employer is willing”, he added the expert.