Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) continue to rise worldwide.According to the World Health Organization, there are More than one million new STIs are diagnosed every day, the majority of whom are asymptomatic.
Dr. Stacey Rizza, an infectious disease physician at the Mayo Clinic, said there are many reasons why STIs have continued to rise in recent years. She believes that informing people is crucial and an important step in reducing the risk of STIs, which in the long run can affect the health of individuals and societies.
“In recent years we have seen an increase in cases of many sexually transmitted infections, especially syphilisRiza said.
mexican doctor Alejandro Macías is known in his country as the ‘tsar’ of the 2009 flu pandemicIn an explainer video released last Tuesday, he said the disease, which has become rare, is on the rise and that many people don’t know they have it because they can’t feel the pain.
If anyone suspects that they may have an STI, especially because they have multiple sexual partners or partners with unknown health conditions or do not know where they are, it is recommended to go to VDRL (Venereal Disease Research Laboratory) or RPR (RPR) (Rapid Response Plasma )” If the result is positive, please consult or work with your physician for additional testing and verification, because It’s a totally curable diseaseRecommended by Macias.
Syphilis, like chlamydia and gonorrhea, is a bacterial infection And it can be treated with antibiotic drugs. These medicines are not effective against viral infections such as hepatitis B, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), or herpes. Also, not all people with STIs develop symptoms.
“Part of the difficulty in controlling spread is that Some people are asymptomatic and can infect othersRiza said.
Screening, understanding risk factors and prevention are critical.
“The best way to prevent most STIs is to use barrier contraception during intercourse”it points out.
That is, for example using a condom or female barrier.For those at risk of HIV infection, there is a drug called PrEP, or pre-exposure prophylaxisAnd vaccines against human papillomavirus (HPV) and hepatitis B.
Protecting yourself means protecting others, Riza said.
“If you have a new sexual partner or multiple sexual partners, we generally recommend testing every three months, even if you are asymptomatic,” Dr. Riza said.
Symptoms of STIs
In many cases, a person may be infected but not have any symptoms of disease. Signs and symptoms may include the following:
- sores or bumps in the genitals or mouth or rectal area
- Painful or burning urination
- penis discharge
- unusual or smelly vaginal discharge
- unusual vaginal bleeding
- pain during sex
- Stimulate, swollen lymph nodes, especially in the groin, but sometimes more extended
- lower abdominal pain
Seek medical attention if you develop symptoms, especially if you have been exposed to an STI. (Yo)