In the country’s prisons, where they are held 200 thousand 936 persons, there is the danger of contagion, massive new coronavirus, alerted civil society organizations.
The main risk is that in six out of every 10 prison conditions in order to comply with the measures of hygiene and healthy distance that has sued the federal government for to prevent the spread of the Covid-19 are “deficient”.
The Diagnosis National Prison Supervision 2019, prepared by the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC), explains that in 63% of the prisons ‘ federal and state the conditions, materials, equipment and hygiene of the bedroom are deficient.
In addition, the text points out that in 32.79% of the prisons there was deficiency in the health services, while 33% have overcrowding, and 32%, overcrowding.
According to the National Survey of Population Deprived of Freedom (ENPOL), the National Institute of Statistics and Geography (Inegi), 45.6% of the respondents shared his cell with more than five people and 12.5%, the bed.
Also 30% reported not to have drinking water inside their cells, and around 5% had no drainage.
The Secretariat of Health (Ssa) calculated that on a daily basis in federal prisons earn between 3 thousand and 3 thousand 500 people, including lawyers, employees, and suppliers. Of those, approximately 400 are family visits to persons deprived of their liberty; however, in the criminal city and state does not exist the calculation.
“For now there are no confirmed cases within the prisons, but once the virus, the contagion is going to be massive. There is No form of control with many people, the isolation areas they do not exist.
“They are not taking the outbreak seriously. In other countries where the Covid-19 is more advanced, it is already here [a los penales]because it is very easy that between”, warned in an interview with EL UNIVERSAL, María Sirvent Bravo, founder and coordinator of institutional Documents.
Organizations such as Re, Documents and Rights Without Barriers they explained that the main risk factors for the persons in situation of detention, their families and the prison staff are the lack of information, as well as medical facilities, health services are inadequate, as well as the shortages of supplies and basic services of hygiene, and they canceled their visits.
“The measures [de contingencia de la SSA] appear to be viable for the vast majority of people, but they turn out to be complex to implement in the prisons of our country.
“The authorities of the three orders of government should consider in their emergency plans to the prison system, by allocating the necessary human and material resources for the care of such a delicate situation,” noted the association Re-inserted.
For their part, Rights, and Without Barriers indicated that: “persons deprived of freedom with a prison system in crisis it is not prepared to cope with the new coronavirus.
“They have a system characterized by a variety of situations that violate their human rights, such as overcrowding, corruption, lawlessness, lack of water, inputs and basic services of hygiene, which puts them even more at risk to the pandemic.”
“Protocol, with gaps”
The federal government issued a protocol for the care of Covid-19 in the interior of the federal centers for social rehabilitation, which has 17 thousand 58 people deprived of their liberty in 18 of those spaces; however, this population represents only 8.4% of the total number of inmates that exist in the country.
The document, seven pages, proposes to develop a “comprehensive media campaign” about the disease in the prisons, with the aim of promoting measures of prevention and hygiene and to limit or restrict visits in a prevention stage.
In case of emergency, it is proposed to isolate people infected with hiv or transferred to a nearby hospital if their condition worsens.
The problem of this protocol, considered the civil society organizations, is that it does not cover the whole national penitentiary system, only considers the detention facilities to federal, which are less crowded and more hygienic conditions, while the state and the city, where the vulnerability of the inmates is higher, are not taken into account.
Not expected, were assured, that relatives are those who provide internal inputs for daily life —personal hygiene items, money and even food, nor the limitations in terms of health services and hygiene; for example, that there is not enough space to drive a wedge between people with the infection.
Saskia Child of Rivera, director of the Foundation, Re-insert, it explained that despite these efforts, there are three factors that play against the prison system: the lawlessness, overcrowding and lack of access to the health of those who are in those spaces.
“The first feature generates the dynamics of corruption that are difficult to stop: you don’t have control of the persons deprived of liberty, by which any mechanism that does not seem like it is difficult to implement, you need to your will.
“In addition, there is the overpopulation and overcrowding in prisons, which doesn’t allow you to implement the healthy distance if in a cell in which you must sleep in four people have at 30,” he said.
For many years, he said, the access to health has been very complicated, the conditions in which they live, unfortunately, make them more vulnerable and prone to complications because of the condition.
Actions to prevent the outbreak
In some prisons have been promoted activities to prevent the spread.
For example, in Quintana Roo, reduced the days of visit and search to detect symptoms upon entering the centres, in the State of Mexico tried to establish fences and toilets, but by the volume of the population is considering to suspend the visit.
While in Nuevo Leon, have provisions of masks, latex gloves and hand sanitizers for the staff in customs and locks.
In that state were also performed cleaning and disinfection in the areas of family visitation, intimate, call centres, as well as in transit areas, and were announced revisions to the internal in order to detect symptoms. In the Federal Centers suspended the tour until 20 April.