of According to the epidemiological bulletin of the 34th week of the regional health administration of Arequipa, 4,844 cases of pneumonia and 261 deaths have been registered in the region.
Arequipa’s numbers are shocking, and so are the national-level accounting. According to information from the Ministry of Health, in 2022, there were 72,625 cases of pneumonia in all age groups in the country and 3,05 deaths. National Center for Epidemiology, Prevention and Disease Control, Minsa. So far in 2023, 66,549 incidents and 1,979 deaths have been recorded.
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What are the causes and symptoms of pneumonia?
he pneumococcus It is a type of bacteria that can cause serious infections, e.g. Pneumonia (lung infection), meningitis (infection of the membranes surrounding the brain), Bacteremia (blood infection) There are also less serious but common conditions, such as sinusitis and otitis media.
This bacterium is the second cause of community pneumonia requiring hospitalization. 81% of deaths from pneumococcal infection are caused by pneumonia.
This happens despite the fact that a preventable disease through vaccination. It is spread through contact with someone who is sick when coughing or sneezing.
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this Pediatrician Ana Vela Rondón, recommends vaccination for children and the elderly. “orOne way to protect children under 5 years of age is to have a complete vaccination card, as it includes the pneumococcal vaccine.” he pointed out.
Pneumococcal vaccine is free, safe and high quality. The vaccine is available in 8,000 health facilities in the country and is suitable for high-risk groups, girls and boys under 5 years of age in 3 doses (2, 4 and 12 months), adults over 60 years of age (single dose) and those with Patients with comorbidities such as cardiovascular problems, asthma, diabetes, hypertension, obesity, etc.
The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends vaccination with the thirteen-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine, which protects against 13 of the more than 100 existing serotypes.