As rainfall increases, so do diarrheal infections –

climate change and Rains in the country over the past few weeks have not only brought with them well-known respiratory infections, but also increased viruses and bacteria that can lead to diarrheal diseases.

It is important to be aware of the symptoms that a person, whether a child or an adult, may have, because diarrheal infections can trigger severe dehydration that can lead to death, and according to the World Health Organization (WHO), diarrheal diseases are the second leading cause of death in children under five big reason.

To this end, NUEVA EPS consulted Dr. Oscar Ricardo Angarita Santos of the Mayor Hospital of the University of Mediterra, not to let down their vigilance, treat diarrheal infections in time, and avoid complications.

How are gastrointestinal infections or diarrheal illnesses spread?

Dr. Angarita: “The first thing to understand is that acute gastroenteritis is initially contagious and the most common cause is still a viral illness, but it can also be bacterial or parasitic.

Viral gastroenteritis is generally transmitted from person to person, and the main reason for the transmission is hand contact. Once the infected person goes to the bathroom and does not clean his hands properly, the contact with the hands will trigger a chain infection. other people, or even certain elements or objects. It is also important to understand that water contamination is a major source of transmission, hence the importance of dealing with it beforehand. ”

When should these infections be of greatest concern?

Dr. Angarita: “Infectious gastroenteritis can lead to serious complications and even death in children under 5 years of age and adults over 65 or 70 years of age, so it is extremely important to pay more attention to these age groups.

However, the most important complication of diarrheal disease is dehydration, which can lead to disturbances in the balance of electrolytes, which are essential salts in the blood. In addition, the loss of fluid can lead to loss of kidney function, leading to dysfunction of other organs. the organs of the body.

It must be taken into account that when acute diarrhea is accompanied by persistent fever, vomiting, respiratory symptoms or bleeding, it is important to sound the alarm and compel oneself to seek medical attention and receive intravenous fluids.”

What does the treatment of diarrheal disease include?

Dr. Angarita: “It is worth clarifying that acute gastroenteritis of infectious origin generally lasts around 5 to 7 days, which is the normal time for the recovery of intestinal cells responsible for absorbing water and the time for disease to occur. It can last. However, the main recommendations are Stay hydrated and supplement with soft foods.”

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