The Ministry of Health notified the epidemic situation of endemic diseases across the country in the first half of July. According to data from the Epidemiological Bulletin, acute respiratory infections in El Salvador have increased by 14% in five weeks.
The latest updated epidemiological bulletin from the Ministry of Health (Minsal) allows us to conclude that 70 people in El Salvador have died from pneumonia in the past five weeks. Throughout the year, the country has reported 377 deaths from pneumonia and 7,136 hospitalizations from the disease. 73% of deaths from this disease occur in adults over the age of 60. Pneumonia is an infection of one or both lungs that can be fatal if left untreated, especially in children under 5 years of age and adults over 60 years of age. In the same five-week period, confirmed cases of pneumonia rose 5 per cent from 482 to 510, Minsal data showed. While the enzootic corridor suggests it is in the success zone, measured parameters increase at this time when a mix of rainfall, heat waves and Saharan dust exists. Seeing people wearing masks and hearing them coughing, all symptoms of the flu, has been so common in recent days that even private doctors’ unions have warned of an increase in viruses that cause respiratory infections, mainly flu.
The El Salvador Epidemiological Surveillance System (Vigepes) reported that as of July 15, 224 Salvadorans per 100,000 had pneumonia; The data for children aged 4 to 4 increased at a rate of 1,069 per 100,000 children. According to Minsal, the areas most affected by pneumonia are San Miguel, La Union, Chalatnango and Morazan, followed by Usulutan, San Vicente and San Salvador. During the week of July 9-15, a total of 377 people consulted the public health system about pneumonia. The health department also determined that 26 cities were “severely affected” by the pneumonia, 83 were moderately affected and 24 were slightly affected by the respiratory infection.
other respiratory infections
During the same period, the Ministry of Health also reported 3,200 new cases of acute respiratory infection, an increase of 14%. More than 9,000 cases of influenza have been reported for the entire population of El Salvador, although children under the age of 9 are most affected. Annually, 70,990 cases per 100,000 inhabitants were reported in the population under one year of age, and 56,451 cases in the population between one and four years of age. For the whole year, the incidence rate of patients with acute respiratory infections was 21,146 per 100,000 inhabitants. In fact, there were 4,529 more patients with respiratory infections than last year. He said: “Comparing the infection rate in the 28th week of 2023 (21,146 cases x 100,000 cases/resident) with the same period in 2022 (16,618 cases x 100,000 cases/resident), it was found that the infection rate was 4,529 cases x 100,000 cases/resident. Differences.” Official report Currently, authorities have detected the presence of influenza A (H1N1), influenza A non-subtype, influenza A (H3N2), and influenza B viruses; also parainfluenza, respiratory syncytial virus, adenovirus, and covid-19 Spread.