Respiratory illnesses such as pneumonia, bronchiolitis and influenza increase significantly this time of year as viruses and bacteria find environments conducive to spreading when people tend to spend more time indoors and with poor ventilation. However, there are ways to prevent them with proper hygiene, a complete vaccination program, and proper nutrition.
According to the latest data published by the Argentine Ministry of Health in the National Epidemiological Bulletin N.661 SE 28 | In 2023, there will be 531,596 cases of ILI (influenza-type illness), 89,031 cases of pneumonia, 117,836 cases of bronchiolitis and 10,131 cases of Hospitalized acute respiratory infection (SARI) cases. Likewise, it was revealed that among the samples analyzed by rt-PCR, the positive rate of SARS-CoV-2 in the Epidemiological Week (SE) 28/2023 of the Outpatient Surveillance Unit was 9.47%, 16.46% for Influenza and 2.70% for RSV . In addition, 43 people have died from flu diagnoses so far this year.
“We can see that the most common disease at this time of year is pneumonia, which accounts for 40% of positive cases, bronchiolitis, which accounts for 30%, and influenza, which accounts for 20%. Threat. Children, the elderly and those with weakened immune systems or those with conditions such as diabetes, hypertension and immunosuppression may be more affected,” explains clinician Leandro Crisostomo (MP 3850).
In this sense, experts share some advice for preventing seasonal diseases:
1. Influenza vaccination: Consulting a health professional and getting a flu shot are key strategies to protect yourself and reduce the spread of the virus.
2. Cleanliness and sanitation: Wash your hands often with soap and water, use hand sanitizer, and keep shared spaces clean.
3. Eat a balanced diet: A diet rich in vitamins and minerals can strengthen the immune system and increase resistance to disease.
4. Sufficient ventilation: Keep confined spaces well-ventilated and avoid sudden changes in temperature when entering a hot environment.
5. Primary health care: Regular visits to your doctor and receiving proper diagnosis, prevention, treatment and recovery are critical to the management of any disease.
“It is important to be aware of warning signs that may indicate a more serious illness than a simple flu or common cold. If you have persistent symptoms such as persistent high fever, difficulty breathing, chest pain, parallel transmission from family members” If family or physical If the condition gradually deteriorates, seek medical attention immediately. These signs may indicate complications that require prompt evaluation and treatment. ’ added the professional.
Protecting yourself during winter is not just something to do during this time, maintaining a healthy lifestyle, good nutrition, regular exercise, staying hydrated and consulting with a health professional over the years is vital. This allows for an adequate diagnosis of any complications and an individualized treatment plan.