Beware of Colds: Flu Cases Often Increase in Winter

The change of seasons has arrived and temperatures have dropped drastically in recent days, which leads to changes in body temperature, leading to the onset of colds and the dreaded flu cases.

Flu cases are expected to increase as temperatures drop, so it’s important to stay informed.
Influenza is an acute viral infection that spreads easily from person to person and can affect people of any age.
Most people can infect others from 1 day before to 5 to 7 days after the onset of flu symptoms.
The disease is characterized by sudden high fever, muscle pain, headache, sore throat, dry cough, and runny nose. However, people with the flu often have mild cold symptoms.
It can spread to people nearby who inhale respiratory droplets from coughing, sneezing or even talking. Likewise, it can be spread through contaminated hands, touching a surface or object that has the virus on it, and then being inoculated by touching your own mouth or nose.

It is usually a self-limiting disease with a benign course that does not require antibiotic treatment and most patients recover within a week or two.

For patients with severe cases or those who are at higher risk for flu-related complications, it is important to see a doctor as soon as possible and start antiviral medication.

In addition to understanding what the flu is, how it spreads, and what the symptoms are, we’ll give you some tips for preventing and treating the flu.

How to prevent
• Be extremely hygienic: Wash your hands carefully, frequently and for a long time with soap and water. Especially after coughing, sneezing or caring for someone who is sick.

  • Cover your mouth and nose with a disposable tissue when you cough or sneeze and throw it into the trash immediately after use. If you don’t have a handkerchief, wash it with your hands or the inside of your elbow, then wash it.

Avoid touching your eyes, nose or mouth.

  • Do not share food, glasses or cutlery.
  • The room is well ventilated.

How to treat

Flu treatments mainly aim to relieve symptoms:

  • rest,
    • Drink enough fluids,
    • Avoid drinking alcohol or smoking,
    • Painkillers or fever-reducing medications can improve symptoms but do not cure the flu.
    But it is important to know that it is recommended that you see a specialist.

What is the difference between a cold and the flu?

The flu and the common cold are both contagious respiratory illnesses, but they are caused by different viruses.

Influenza is caused only by influenza viruses, whereas the common cold can be caused by several different viruses, including rhinoviruses, parainfluenza viruses, and parainfluenza viruses. seasonal coronavirus.

Seasonal coronaviruses should not be confused with SARS-COV-2, which causes

Because the flu and common cold have similar symptoms, it can be difficult to tell the difference based on symptoms alone.

In general, the flu is more serious than the common cold, symptoms are usually more severe, and the onset is usually more sudden.

Colds are usually milder than the flu.

People with colds are more likely to have a runny or stuffy nose than people with the flu.

Colds usually do not lead to serious health problems such as pneumonia, bacterial infection, or hospitalization.Flu can cause serious related complications.

How to tell the difference between a cold and the flu?

Because the flu and colds share many symptoms, it can be difficult (or even impossible) to tell them apart based on symptoms alone. There are special tests that can tell if a person has the flu.

What are the symptoms of influenza?

this flu symptoms They may include fever or feelings of fever/chills, cough, sore throat, runny or stuffy nose, muscle or body aches, headache, and fatigue (tiredness). Cold symptoms are usually milder than flu symptoms. People with a cold are more likely to have a runny or stuffy nose. Colds usually do not cause serious health problems.

Getting an annual flu shot is the best way to protect yourself and your loved ones from getting the flu..

Getting the flu shot is especially important if you are at higher risk for serious complications from the flu.

By getting vaccinated, you can reduce your risk of getting sick from the flu and being hospitalized or dying from the flu.

Source link

Leave a Comment