One of the most common infections is gastroenteritis, a disease highly contagious This can lead to vomiting and diarrhea.
Transmission of gastrointestinal infections occurs primarily through contact (saliva or feces). Airborne infections cannot occur, i.e. being in the same room as an infected person, unless we come into contact with their secretions or contaminated objects containing them.
Gastroenteritis may be caused by: bacteria (Salmonella is the most common) and different Virus.Among diseases caused by viruses, the most common are rotavirus.
What should I do if my child is infected with rotavirus?
does not exist No special treatment Fights rotavirus.The most important thing is to prevent little ones from coming into contact with dehydration, because vomiting and frequent loose stools can cause you to lose more fluid than you take in. If it is less than twelve months, the risk is higher. If you also have a fever, you are at greatest risk of dehydration.
To prevent dehydration, you should provide liquid: Cow’s milk, if breast- or bottle-fed, and low sodium oral serum at all ages. Isotonic drinks should be avoided because their ingredients are designed to restore fluid and mineral salts lost through sweat rather than through stool or vomiting.
The problem is that sometimes the little guy can’t tolerate these liquids: when he drinks them, he spits them out.In this case the trick is Provide it to them bit by bitevery few minutes with a teaspoon, a tablespoon (or sip of milk) or even with a syringe (2-3 ml every 5 minutes).
Even then we couldn’t get the milk or oral serum to stay in his stomach, and since he hadn’t had water in a while, we had to Take him to the emergency roomEspecially if it’s an infant, as dehydration is possible (the smaller and more severe the diarrhea, the greater the risk).
Other symptoms of rotavirus in children
Other symptoms are dry skin (When the skin is pinched, it takes some time to return to its normal appearance), Want to cry but no tears, Don’t wet the diaper, empty eyes or in the smallest babies sunken fontanel. In this case, you will need to rehydrate urgently at the hospital.
Can it be prevented?
Rotavirus infection can now be prevented, thanks to Available vaccine preparations. The function of the vaccine is to simulate an attenuated rotavirus infection so that the body can develop sufficient defense against the virus. In the first two years of life, the chance of being infected with rotavirus is 96%.
There is an oral vaccine available to prevent rotavirus starting at six weeks of age.these vaccines Protect safely and effectively, reduce severe cases by 100% and avoid medical treatment or hospitalization.Furthermore, the decline in mild cases not only reduces the need for health care but also reduces the need for parental care, so Absenteeism reduced Due to the child’s illness.