In the country there are at least 43.8 million people who are in a situation of high vulnerability, very high and critical before the pandemic Covid-19in accordance with a study which developed the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM). This involves more than one-third of the total population of the country.
Are people who live, primarily, in municipalities located in rural areas of the country where there is a high percentage of people over 60 years of age who do not have hospital beds or medical staff or who have a economic production precarious.
The municipalities most vulnerable are located in Oaxaca, Guerrero, Chiapas, the Huasteca of Veracruz and Puebla, as well as in the south of Durango, the Sierra Tarahumara and the Yucatan, detected the Vulnerability Index in Mexico to the coronavirus, which developed the Institute of Geography of the UNAM.
Of the municipalities that are in critical situation are 607, of them 71 have infections; there are 611 municipalities in a situation of very high vulnerability, 131 with transmissions; in a situation high are 619, 188 there are contagions.
“The biggest vulnerability is concentrated in the municipalities most marginalized of the country, where in addition to the access to health services is limited. The vulnerability of the municipalities where there is no contagion is to the most high and critical”, explained Manuel Suarez, of the Institute of Geography.
“This can have very powerful effects and negative effects on local economies although they may not have the infection, it is in these municipalities where it should be prevented at all costs in the form of spillovers because, in addition to the economic precariousness of the municipalities, the health services are practically nil”.
Until the 25th of April, the largest number of hiv infections is still present in the municipalities of marginalization media, which are major urban centres; in them there is a greater availability of health services and economic capacity, which does not prevent that overwhelm the health services.
The municipalities most vulnerable are those where the phase 3 will be submitted late because they have a smaller population and less visibility; unlike the large population centers like Mexico City and the State of Mexico, which are currently in this phase.
“It is important to locate and recognize them. Understand that they are particularly vulnerable because they are strictly low visibility. Socially and economically they are small groups, little towns, and with little movement, with fragile economies. The consequences can be particularly serious and hardly visible, to establish what is required in terms of foresight,” explained Samuel Ponce de León.
The map presented by the UNAM, indicates where there could be greater economic adverse effects, although it does not the virus to those entities in particular. It is designed to know where to direct the efforts that have to be done in all aspects to protect the population and to the society; and can be crossed with the map of cases each week, to better understand where they could spread the virus in the coming days and weeks, explained William Lee, coordinator of Scientific Research of the UNAM.
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Increase and maintain measures of prevention and to assess possible anticipated lifting
According to the specialists who participated, including academics from the Institutes of Geography, Geophysics and Research in Applied Mathematics, as well as of the Faculties of Medicine and Science, in addition to the Coordination of the Scientific Research is imperative to increase and maintain the measures for prevention of contagion in municipalities with vulnerability very high and critical, but do not present cases, given that the effects of these municipalities will be more serious
In addition, it is apparent that it is important to assess the possible anticipated lifting of the mitigation measures of contagion in the municipalities of vulnerability very high or critical without having controlled the epidemic in other municipalities, specifically those that have stronger links to socio-economic.