While some countries suffer the worst consequences (China, Spain, Italy and the united States), others have put in place strategies that have managed to slow down the expansion of the new coronavirus.
And the strategies are varied: ranging from the spread of the virus testing at social isolation, extreme, the quarantine is located and even the monitoring of the most vulnerable population.
In BBC World, we have made various notes on these “success cases”, here the collect and alert spoiler: all agree on one thing, opt for do analysis in mass and not only to the sick of gravity.
1. Why Germany has a low number of dead by Covid-19 in comparison with other countries?
Despite being the fifth country with the highest number of hiv infections in the world by the Covid-19, the number of fatalities from the virus is much more reduced than that of other countries that have reported numbers of infected people, such as Spain, Italy or the United Kingdom.
“Although we do not know the precise reason, what is certain is that we’ve recommended, from the moment that we had knowledge of the emergency, to expand the number of screenings among the population, and thus reduce the possibility of contagion,” said the Robert Koch Institute of Virology, head of the German strategy against the Covid-19, to be consulted by BBC World.
One of the keys of the low mortality may be the early identification of carriers of the virus, what slows down the spread of the disease.
German authorities indicated that they are able to make 160 thousand diagnostic tests to the week.
Other countries that also have several tens of thousands of infections confirmed reserved laboratory tests to confirm who has the virus to the patients with boxes more of a concern and do not do the test to those who have mild symptoms.
2. How Japan has managed to control the coronavirus without recourse to the general isolation required
Against the pandemic of Covid-19, Japan it was fertile ground for the virus to cause serious havoc: it has the highest proportion of people older than 65 years on the planet and has a high level of tobacco consumption, which makes its population more vulnerable to respiratory disease.
But, unlike the other countries that resorted to social isolation to limit the spread of the virus, the japanese have chosen to follow agolpándose in public events such as the sighting of the famous cherry trees at this time of the year begin to bloom.
Although recommended, the alienation, the authorities have not forced the population to the same extreme measures that have been taken in China, Spain or Italy in the last few weeks.
In comparison with China and Korea, the rates of infection and mortality in Japan are much lower. One of the reasons behind these numbers may have been the quick reaction of the country to identify the foci of infection and to protect the most vulnerable population, as well as its focus on “group shoots”.
3. The disease detectives who fight against the epidemic in Singapore
The examinations and social isolation have been the main measures to contain the number of infections by the covid-19.
But Singapore went further: he used disease detectives to know where he had been the virus in the country. And in this way succeeded in cutting the chain of infection from foci of infection.
Singapore has a sophisticated and extensive programme of tracking of contacts that follows the chain of the virus from one person to the next, allowing you to identify and isolate individuals -and to all of your close contacts – before it is too late.
In this way, the country was able to cut the chain of infection in one of the main focal points within their territory.
4. The Italian people that managed to contain the spread of the virus with an experiment “unique in the world”
A picturesque village in the Veneto region called Vo’ Euganeo was at the epicenter of the pandemic covid-19 in Italy.
And was the scene of a sweeping strategy to combat the virus: in the village school, was installed a testing center to take the test of contagion to all the neighbors that they wished to do so.
As told to BBC World, the professor of Epidemiology and Virology of the Hospital of the University of Padua Andrea Crisantimanaged to have a diagnosis of almost all the people in this Italian village.
And from there, they applied an experimental method that allowed them to reach two conclusions: “we Showed scientifically that the incubation period of the virus is in two weeks and that any containment strategy has to take into account the high number of positive asymptomatic”.
With these data, they managed to contain the epidemic in this locality.
5. The strategy of South Korea to save lives in the midst of the pandemic
South korea became an example in the world because – despite being a neighbor of China, where it originated the pandemic – its number of infections, and their mortality rate was much lower.
According to the south Korean government, there are performed about 10,000 tests per day, what that has allowed us to isolate the asymptomatic population, which is one of the main problems in the dispersion of the infection.
In addition, another circumstance that helped the containment of the pandemic within the territory of south korea was the implementation of stringent measures of isolation regions. Although some of the measures were criticized as extreme forms of social control, experts consulted by the BBC agree that were key to saving lives.