Elizabeth Gómez Alcorta: “Seven out of ten poor people are women” | Interview with the minister in the framework of the Day of Non-Violence against Women

“Our main concern today is that out of every ten poorest people in Argentina, seven are women and that our agenda is linked to the economic reactivation with the inclusion of women and diversity, and to the problem of gender-based violence, which sadly is not a minority policy ”, says Minister Elizabeth Gómez Alcorta. In the framework of the commemoration of the International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women, this Thursday he will announce with deputies and senators that they will work together for a reform of Law 26,485 on “Comprehensive Protection to Prevent, Punish and Eradicate Violence against Women in the areas in which they develop their interpersonal relationships ”through a participatory process with forums at the federal level. The proposal seeks to “put into discussion new types and modalities of gender violence that have not been addressed by the State, incorporate the perspective of diversity, provide tools to address violence in a new institutional context and strengthen the role of the provinces , municipalities and territorial social organizations, among other fundamental issues to consolidate a comprehensive model of State policy towards gender-based violence ”, explained the official.

The process, he advanced, will involve the organization of territorial forums for participatory consultation in all the provinces and the creation of working groups with specialists who will discuss the necessary reforms in the area of ​​economic violence, access to habitat, to work, among other axes. Indian. In addition, it will be analyzed whether there are specific types of violence against the LGBTI + population based on their gender identity. The idea is to present the draft reform of Law 26,485 – sanctioned in 2009– on November 25 of next year.

Unfortunately, the numbers of femicides and transvesticides have remained more or less stable in recent years, one every 30 hours, as when they took to the streets en masse to the shout of Not One Less. Why can’t they decrease?

It is quite a complex phenomenon. They are not criminal acts that can be modified by doing a single action, centrally because they are multi-causal. They occur because they live in a macho culture, because the risks increase the higher the level of vulnerability women have and when the State does not intervene effectively. Culture changes in the medium and long term, beyond the fact that there are already changes in relation to about twenty years. The pandemic has generated greater vulnerability and also, as a consequence of the economic situation, women’s participation in employment fell ten years throughout the region, according to ECLAC figures. State responses range from prevention, assistance, protection, and strengthening of access to Justice. Prevention and assistance correspond to the municipal level and assistance, protection at the provincial and national levels, and access to justice at the judicial levels.

–If we put 2015 as an analysis date, has it been advanced?

– Yes, of course, but there is no doubt that regarding state capacities there is still a long way to go. A large number of municipalities do not even have gender areas. Some areas only have one person in charge. I point it out because it is the closest place for a person who is going through a situation of violence. We need interdisciplinary teams in this assistance. Yes, progress has been made in the creation of homes, shelters, half-way houses: today there are more than 150 state and more than 50 civil society. But access to justice continues to be absolutely deficient. The lack of information and traceability of cases is something that the Ministry is working on. There are provinces, on the other hand, in which the gender area is still a simple address.

–Which ones?

–For example, in Chubut, Mendoza, San Juan and Santiago del Estero. Santa Fe, Córdoba, Misiones and the province of Buenos Aires have a Ministry. I point it out because that institutionality means a bigger budget. The capacity of a management to mainstream its policies and have programs is not the same as a ministry.

Q: What about judicial responses to complaints of gender violence? Did something improve?

– We continue to have enormous problems with the judicial powers. We identify that there is a change, at least an acknowledgment of their responsibility in the problem. We have been working with the Federal Board of Courts and Superior Courts for the inclusion of the judicial powers in the integrated system of cases of gender violence, but they are institutions that are difficult to permeate.

– After the femicide of Úrsula Bahílo, in February, the President announced the creation of the Federal Council for the Prevention of Femicides. How has progress been made in these months?

What the Council did was to be able to think that the State’s responses could not continue to be fragmented, without any type of link between the executive powers on the one hand and the judicial powers on the other, neither in cases nor in policies. And we were able to sit at the same table with the Executive Power, with the Justice, Gender and Security areas, with the Public Ministry and the Procuratorate and be able to think there what the deficits were, and the problems in each region, because they are not the same in the NOA, Centro or Patagonia: in some cases it is the distance, in others, the lack of gender areas, or if the dual devices have problems related to connectivity. We start with the NOA because it is the region where there are the highest rates of femicides in the entire country. We were able to think of some common floors.

–What did they achieve specifically?

– Link line 911 with line 144; the incorporation to the Integrated System of Cases of Violence for Gender Motives; that they have dual devices throughout the country: the big problem that we identified is that there was enormous availability and they were not used; and think about whether training is needed because we know that it is a fairly effective measure for the prevention of femicides; that they know the Acompañar program, because many times what the Judicial Power feels is that it has few tools other than to stop or issue a precautionary measure. Part of the problems they see is that women need financial support. We work so that they know the Accompany and that the Judicial Power itself can make a referral. And the other issue we are working on is the signature for the incorporation of the URGE system, which is the sole complaint system.

– Still not implemented?

–No. It was created by resolution and the program is being developed.

– What percentage of the budget of the Ministry is executed?

–Until last week 83.22% with three budget increases. At the end of the year there will be a total of 17.2 billion pesos.

–How many women entered the Accompany?

–It is the first year of this program. We currently have 85,000 women who receive the subsidy, which is for six months and is equivalent to a living and mobile minimum wage. But in the whole year they add 89,500 and are going to finish more than 100,000. Every month we continue adding municipalities that act as income units. We already have 595. We will continue until we have the whole country covered.

– Is there a waiting list to enter?

–No. Any woman who meets the requirements can receive the subsidy.

What happens to that woman when she stops receiving the subsidy?

–It is a support in the exit of the situation. We need the municipality and the province to work in those six months to see what are the possibilities that that person has to be able to get out of that situation and can have some type of sustainable economic autonomy over time. Many times you need a home, other times, indeed a job or a productive business. There are many municipalities that have been working on it. We believed that the number of women who were going to join the Accompany would be less. There are some municipalities that, due to the number of women in the program, are working with them in rounds, as a group, because they cannot assist individually.

-After the PASO, voices emerged from progressivism, even against the feminist policies of the Government, pointing to them as “piantavotos”, almost as if this agenda had to be hidden …

– It was tried to install that it was about minority policies. I am convinced that there are very important conservative positions, inside and outside the Frente de Todos, that seek that the gender and diversity agenda does not advance further, and to say that, they tried to trivialize it, assuming that the policies were linked to inclusive language and the non-binary DNI. The inclusive language is not a policy that this Ministry has. They sought to ridicule our task. And they wanted to say that since the Government dealt with these things, it could not deal with others, all wild arguments. Our main concern today is that out of every ten poorest people in Argentina, seven are women and that our agenda is linked to the economic reactivation with the inclusion of women and diversity, and to the problem of violence, which sadly is not a minority policy. Last year in the province of Buenos Aires there were 109 thousand causes of gender violence. And it is one of the crimes that is least reported. You have to continue, move forward and go for everything that is missing, which is a lot.

– What proposals do you make for next year?

– To be able to advance in normative reforms related to the policies of care and the labor inclusion of women and LGBT. When we regress in labor participation, we regress in autonomy.

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Helen Hernandez is our best writer. Helen writes about social news and celebrity gossip. She loves watching movies since childhood. Email: Phone : +1 281-333-2229

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