Four home remedies to relieve and reduce nasal congestion

Nasal congestion, commonly called nasal obstruction or congestion, occurs when the tissue lining the nose becomes inflamed for a variety of reasons. According to the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI), these causes may include:

  • Respiratory tract infections: One of the most common causes of nasal congestion is an upper respiratory tract infection, such as the common cold or flu. The viruses that cause these infections inflame the mucous membranes of the nose and produce extra mucus, causing nasal congestion.
  • allergy: Allergies to pollen, dust mites, pet hair, and other allergens can trigger an inflammatory response in the nose and sinuses, leading to nasal congestion. This is often called allergic rhinitis.
  • Environmental irritants: Exposure to irritants such as cigarette smoke, air pollution, harsh chemicals, and even dry air can irritate the nasal mucosa and cause nasal congestion.
  • Changes in temperature and humidity: Sudden changes in temperature or humidity can affect the respiratory tract and cause nasal congestion in some people.
  • Structural issues: Structural abnormalities in the nose, such as a deviated septum or nasal polyps, can block the normal flow of air through the nose and lead to chronic congestion.
  • drug: Some medications, such as overused nasal decongestants, may cause a rebound effect that worsens nasal congestion.
  • Common cold syndrome: The syndrome is characterized by chronic nasal congestion without a specific identifiable cause and may be the result of a chronic inflammatory response.
  • Chronic diseases: Conditions such as chronic rhinitis, chronic sinusitis, or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) can cause persistent nasal congestion.
Experts also recommend adequate hydration to eliminate nasal congestion. Photo: Getty Images.

Experts also recommend adequate hydration to eliminate nasal congestion. (reference picture) | Photo: Photo: Getty Images.

Home remedies to fight nasal congestion

According to the NHLBI, nasal saline helps clean and moisturize the nasal passages, relieving irritation and congestion.

  • Prepare: Mix 1 teaspoon salt with 8 ounces of warm water and use a dropper or nasal rinse bottle to apply the solution to each nostril.

According to the NHLBI, inhaling steam can help relieve airway congestion and relieve throat irritation.

  • Prepare: Fill a large bowl with hot water and add a few drops of eucalyptus or peppermint oil. Cover your head with a towel and inhale the steam for about 10-15 minutes.
pot hot water steam

Inhaling steam can help relieve congestion in the respiratory tract. (reference picture) | Photo: Getty Images

  • Prepare: Grate a small amount of fresh ginger and boil it in a cup of water for about 10 minutes. Drink hot tea with honey and lemon.

According to the NHLBI, spicy foods like chili peppers can open nasal passages and reduce nasal congestion.

  • application: Add a pinch of red pepper or cayenne pepper to your meals to temporarily relieve nasal congestion.
Spices: top view of a black bowl filled with red pepper flakes, photographed on an abstract brown rustic table. Next to the bowl is a wooden spoon filled with pepper flakes, which are scattered on the table. There are three dried red chili peppers next to the bowl. The main colors are brown and red. Low-key DSRL studio photo taken with Canon EOS 5D Mk II and Canon EF 100mm f/2.8L Macro IS USM.

Consuming cayenne pepper can open your nasal passages and reduce nasal congestion. (reference picture) | Photo: Getty Images

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