Tiaras can also be called diadem, which means crown in the shape of a semicircle. There was a time when men also used them, but today they have remained as an exclusive female complement. Their difference from crowns is that they are attached to the hair, they are flexible and have a half ring, while the crown is a completely closed ring that goes over the head.
Finely crafted with splendid gemstones, the tiaras are steeped in history, but also strong in symbolism. They are essential in the trousseau of all European royal houses. It is difficult to know which is the most beautiful tiara and, above all, the most valuable. It seems that the collections of the Dutch and British royal families are the most valuable. According to money.co.uk they are each worth around 25 million euros. The most valuable of the Dutch are the
Württemberg tiara, worn by Queen Beatrix at her wedding, the so-called tiara of the stars, which adorned Queen Máxima’s head at her wedding, and the diamond bandeau, made with pink diamonds, which Queen Juliana married .
The most valuable of the Dutch are the Württemberg tiara, worn by Queen Beatrix at her wedding, the so-called tiara of the stars. /
In the collection of Queen Elizabeth II, the tiaras used by the last three royal brides stand out: the Fringe tiara, of Queen Mary, used by Princess Beatrix and by Elizabeth II herself on her wedding day, the Greville Kokoshnik tiara of emeralds, used by Princess Eugenie, and the
Bandeau tiara of Queen Mary, worn by the Duchess of Sussex, Meghan Markle. Many of the queen’s tiaras were inherited from her grandmother, Queen Mary of Teck, who had a fabulous collection of jewelry, one of the most important in Europe. The most expensive jewel in Elizabeth II’s jewelry box is the Oriental Circlet tiara, which has a value of 10 million euros. It was a Prince Albert design for his wife, Queen Victoria, and has rarely been worn by Queen Elizabeth.
In the past,
aristocratic families they demonstrated their importance by displaying tiaras inlaid with the finest stones. Today they have become relics that are passed down from generation to generation. But there is still a whole label around tiaras. Only married women can wear them, unless they were born princesses. Traditionally, they are an element linked to marriage. The tiara has its roots in classical antiquity and was perceived as an emblem of the loss of innocence by the crowning of love and the marriage bond. The ancient Romans also wore gold headdresses to mark their social position. A fashion that Napoleon Bonaparte revived in his quest to achieve an imperial character at the end of the 18th century. It was then that women’s tiaras experienced a time of resurgence.
Some of the oldest designs on the royal ‘trousseau’ date back to the time of
Napoleon. Napoleon’s wife, Josefina, commissioned a tiara from Chaumet, the Parisian house that became a benchmark for this type of jewelry. In this era, tiaras were stiff, bulky, and heavy. The Swedish royal house owns one of those that belonged to the Empress Josephine, the tiara of the cameos. The Braganza tiara, also in the hands of the Bernadottes, also exhibits this grandiose style, although it is later. It is an enormous neoclassical style floral tiara, made in France with Brazilian diamonds set in gold and silver, commissioned by Emperor Pedro I of Brazil, to be gifted to his second wife, Amelia of Leuchtemberg, on the occasion of their wedding in 1829. It must his name to which the Emperor was also Duke of Braganza. The tiara was made with the best Brazilian diamonds in various sizes and so pure that it appears to be made of water.
Tiara Orange Nassau, which belongs to the Royal House of Denmark. It was made of gold, pearls and diamonds in Berlin. /
The mid-19th century style is lighter and more romantic, almost always done in platinum and often floral or pearl-inspired. An example is the so-called Orange Nassau tiara, which belongs to the Royal House of Denmark. It was made in gold, pearls and diamonds in Berlin, around 1825, for the
Princess Louise of Prussia, wife of Prince Frederick of the Netherlands. The prince would present the tiara to his daughter Princess Louise of the Netherlands as a gift from her wedding to King Charles XV of Sweden in 1850. Princess Mary has not yet worn it.
Then came the deco style, more austere geometric, such as the Art Deco sapphire tiara from the house of Liechenstein, made in diamonds and blue sapphires, articulated and detachable. In the central part it shows off a large cabochon-shaped sapphire. The three pieces of the tiara can be separated and worn independently as a brooch, necklace and pendant.
But earlier, at the end of the 19th century, Russian-inspired “kokoshnik” style tiaras became fashionable, such as the one owned by Queen Elizabeth II, made in 1888 by the prestigious jeweler Garrard. It is made up of seventy bars of platinum with 488 inlaid diamonds. It was commissioned by Lady Salisbury and paid for by the 365 peers of the kingdom, to be gifted, for their silver wedding anniversary, to the
Princes of wales, the future Kings Eduardo VII and Alejandra. It was the one that Isabel wore at her wedding.