Hepatitis A: An emergency resulting from an outbreak of hepatitis A in Colombia. Learn how to take care of yourself and which areas of Colombia are experiencing outbreaks.

Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver mainly caused by different viruses. However, it can also be caused by other factors, such as excessive alcohol consumption, medications, and autoimmune diseases.

In Colombia, precisely in the Valle del Cauca region, the outbreak has already worried health authorities. Of the 72 people analyzed so far in Dagua, 18 had the disease.

But how to distinguish this type of hepatitis from another? Here’s everything you should know.

Hepatitis A is an infectious disease caused by the hepatitis A virus (HAV). Mainly to send By ingesting food or water contaminated with the feces of an infected person. It can also be spread through direct contact with an infected person, although this is less common.

Hepatitis A Symptoms They can range from very mild forms that last a few weeks to more severe forms that can last up to several months. These symptoms may include fever, fatigue, loss of appetite, nausea, abdominal pain, dark urine, pale stools, and jaundice (yellowing of the skin and eyes). However, not all infected people develop symptoms.

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Unlike other types of hepatitis, Hepatitis A does not cause chronic liver disease and is rarely fatal. Although it may cause debilitating symptoms and liver complications in some patients.

Key Differences Between Hepatitis A and Other Types of Hepatitis

transfer method: Hepatitis A is mainly spread through contaminated food or water, while other forms of hepatitis, such as B and C, are passed from mother to child through contact with blood and other bodily fluids, sex, or childbirth.

Disease course: Hepatitis A is usually an acute disease that does not become chronic. On the other hand, hepatitis B and C can become chronic diseases and carry long-term risks, such as cirrhosis or liver cancer.

Vaccination: There is an effective hepatitis A vaccine that provides long-term immunity. There is also a hepatitis B vaccine, but not a hepatitis C vaccine.

treat: Although there is no specific treatment for hepatitis A, people with chronic hepatitis B or C may need antiviral therapy to prevent long-term liver damage.

Prevalence: Hepatitis A is common in areas with inadequate sanitation, while hepatitis B is prevalent worldwide, and hepatitis C is common in certain regions and among specific populations.

Although all forms of hepatitis affect the liver, they must be distinguished because they have different modes of transmission, treatment, and long-term outcomes. Prevention, primarily through vaccination and hygiene measures, is key to preventing these diseases. In order to maintain a healthy liver and live a fulfilling life, it is essential to be informed and take preventive measures.

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