How to prevent diseases when returning to school?

On August 22, 2023, the new school year begins in the regime of the Amazon Mountains. Back to school means new knowledge, new teachers and a long-awaited reunion with classmates after a few weeks off.However, many times, returning to the classroom also means Spread of viruses and diseases.

During the preschool and school years, the most common illnesses were respiratory infections such as influenza, bronchitis and viral pneumonia. But there may also be cases of various gastrointestinal infections, such as rotavirus and adenovirus.

Here are some tips you can follow when returning to school to prevent the spread of illness.

previous inspection

Pediatrician Fernando Aguinaga, director of the Pediatric Program at the International University of Ecuador, said the first action to prevent disease after returning to school is to Do a pre-check.

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Ajinagar said prior checks must include nutritional analysis and verification that students are up to date with their vaccinations.

However, some health research suggests that this checkup may also include: laboratory tests, dental evaluations, vision and hearing evaluations, and medical appointments with your family doctor or pediatrician.

Also, it is important to remember not to send your child to school if they are showing symptoms such as a fever, as these symptoms may indicate a possible illness.

hygiene and care measures

Another piece of disease prevention advice from Dr. Fernando Aguinaga: Personal care and hygiene measures. One of the main measures, doctors say, is frequent hand washing. This is a very effective measure to prevent the spread of diseases spread by direct contact, such as influenza.

Another action to follow is to teach children cover your mouth when you cough or sneeze. Whether with your hands, elbows, or a tissue, experts recommend always covering your mouth and nose when coughing or sneezing.So, they say, it prevent virus spread Through the small droplets of saliva expelled during coughing and sneezing.

Additionally, pediatrician Aguinaga says Students are no longer required to wear masks back to school. Experts say that we have entered the post-epidemic era, and wearing a mask is not necessary.

good nutrition

Another way to prevent disease is to maintain good eating habits. Protein, fruit and vegetable intake is always important, says Fernando Aguinagar. Fruits and vegetables especially contain vitamin C.

However, Include options from all five food groups Provide students with the right combination of vitamins, minerals and nutrients they need to stay healthy. In addition, it is recommended to avoid added sugars, dyes and sugary drinks.


Doctor Fernando Aguinaga does not recommend taking any supplements to avoid spreading the disease. The pediatrician explained that “there’s no magic drug that boosts the immune system” and kids shouldn’t be self-medicating.

Also, when it comes to vitamin supplements, Aginagar says it’s best to consult your doctor before taking them, depending on each patient’s situation.

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