The Mexican Institute of Social Security (IMSS) in Yucatán provides guidance on cystic fibrosis and the services it provides for this pathology, which is characterized by being chronic and primarily affecting the respiratory and digestive systems. Timely diagnosis and appropriate treatment can reduce symptoms and improve patients’ quality of life.
Cystic fibrosis is a lung disease that occurs most often in children and young adults and is characterized by the formation of abnormal mucus that thickens and has an imbalance in its salt content, explained Dr. María José Bravo Chang, clinical coordinator in the Department of Internal Medicine. Respiratory system, this can trigger the gradual formation of mucus plugs in the airways, which can infect, deform and even severely damage the lungs, resulting in a reduced quality of life.
The above conditions can also cause the digestive system to be unable to absorb nutrients from food and cause diarrhea, which is why children become severely malnourished and stop growing.
“It is worth noting that cystic fibrosis is a hereditary disease, and both parents are generally asymptomatic carriers.” Experts said.
Symptoms of cystic fibrosis vary, and some people may not develop symptoms until adolescence or adulthood; however, some signs that may be documented include: A cough that lasts for more than three weeks; A persistent cough that produces thick mucus (phlegm); Respiratory tract infection; Chest wheezing and sinusitis; as well as abnormal fatty stools, slow weight gain, and dehydration.
If you experience the symptoms listed above, it is important to visit your IMSS Family Medicine Department, where your doctor will evaluate and provide appropriate treatment for your situation or refer you to a secondary care specialist if needed.
Finally, it is reiterated that all eligible persons go to the PrevenIMSS module located in the Family Medicine Unit at least once a year for a preventive check-up, even if they have no symptoms or disease, as this allows for a preventive check-up. Various conditions can be detected and controlled to avoid threats to health.
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