The disease called Systemic lupus erythematosus, commonly known as Lupus, affects mainly women. On Mexico, this condition affects 20 out of 100,000 people. One of the characteristics of this disease is that it is chronic and autoimmune, which means that the immune system itself is the one that attacks healthy cells and tissues by mistake. This implies that any part of the body, such as the skin, joints and internal organs, can be damaged.
exist different types of lupus, among which is the discoid, which causes skin rashes; subacute cutaneous, which causes blisters; drug-induced, neonatal and systemic erythematosus, which is the more common and can range from mild to severe.
What is Systemic Lupus Erythematosus?
It is the most common type of the disease and can affect any part of the body, so the main concern is focused on the operation of internal organs like the heart, the kidneys and even the brain, where cardiovascular diseases, kidney and cerebrovascular accidents can occur.
Those with this disease are at high risk of hardening of the arteries. Even the inflammation caused by Lupus can be seen in the heart, generating damage to any of the valves that surround the muscle. When it comes to the kidneys, people often undergo treatments that prevent some kind of permanent damage.
These are the symptoms:
Some of the most common symptoms of Lupus are the presence of swelling or pain in the joints, in the muscles, fever without having symptoms of any infection, red rashes on the skin, pain when breathing deeply, hair loss, sensitivity to the sun, ulcers in the mouth and extreme tiredness.
The symptoms they are not permanent. They can appear and disappear, which is why they are called “Sprouts”These can be mild or severe and can also be accompanied by other sensations that appear at any time. Sadly still there is no cure for this disease. However, people who have it can undergo treatments and medications that help them improve your lifestyle.
The cause of the disease is believed to be based on genetic influence, in environmental factors and in infections or viruses. Although lupus can affect anyone, the most cases It is given in women African American, Hispanic, Asian and Native American.