Migrants: boom of 30 thousand arrivals from Tunisia in a month, route from Libya slows

New data from the Ministry of Internal Affairs saw “Nova Agencyconfirm the peak influx of migrants into Italy by sea from Tunisia, which have exceeded 30 thousand since August, which is an absolute record. From the beginning of 2023 to September 14, at least 85 564 people arrived on the Italian coast, starting from the Tunisian beaches, with an average of about 319 people landing per day, more than 360 percent more than the 18,590 arrivals during the same period last year: almost triple that figure. 32.101 total number of arrivals on the Tunisian route in 2022. You need to add up at least these numbers. 39,568 migrants intercepted by Tunisian authorities in the first eight months of 2023 (January-August), according to the latest available data published by the Tunisian Forum for Economic and Social Rights (FTDES). In addition, overall since the start of the year, Ftdes has counted 958 deaths on the Tunisian route, for a total of at least 126 thousand people, including migrants who disembarked, were intercepted or died.

The Libyan route, however, is more distant: it ranks second with 34,775 arrivals as of September 14, corresponding to 35,757 arrivals during the same period last year. Considering that as of August 7, a total of 30,495 people had landed in Italy from Libya, we can talk about a relative slowdown in the influx from the former Jamahiriya Muammar Gaddafi, with an average of 112 arrivals per day (+4280 arrivals from August 7 to September 14) compared to 135 arrivals since the beginning of the year. More than half of the migrants who arrived in our country from the Libyan coast, about 18 thousand, left Cyrenaica, the eastern region of Libya, where the General Assembly dominates Khalifa Haftar, commander of the self-proclaimed Libyan National Army (LNA), which was recently hit by Cyclone Daniel. From Tripolitania under the control of the Government of National Unity (Gun) of the Prime Minister. Abdulhamid Dabaiba Since the beginning of the year, about 15 thousand migrants have arrived. The World Organization for Migration (IOM) estimates that from January 1, 2023 to September 9, at least 10,646 migrants were intercepted at sea and returned to Libya, including 7,510 men, 563 women, 263 minors and 2,310 people. whose data is not available. In addition, 911 people were killed and 1,115 people are still missing during attempts to illegally emigrate to European coasts along the central Mediterranean route (which includes both Libya and Tunisia), for a total of 2,026 people killed.

Looked at the figures of the Italian Ministry of Internal Affairs “Agency Nova” they then highlight the significant reduction in the Turkish route since the Cutro tragedy, with 4,913 arrivals as of September 14, compared to 10,901 for the same period in 2022. about half of the 830 people who arrived in Sardinia during the same period in 2022, up from 1,389 arrivals last year.

Sub-Saharan migrants have largely displaced North Africans in 2023, according to a daily statistical dashboard published on the website of the Home Office’s Civil Liberties and Immigration Department. In fact, the first place in terms of landings is Italy as of 14 September 2023, it is Guinea with 14,942 arrivals, while for the same period in 2022 there was Tunisia with about 14,000 arrivals. This is followed by another West African country, Côte d’Ivoire, with 14,120 arrivals as of 14 September 2023, a phenomenon aided by the fact that Ivorians can enter Tunisia without the need for an entry visa, while over the same period Same as last year, there was Egypt with more than 12,500 landings. Tunisians now rank third in irregular landings in Italy with 11,402 arrivals by sea, while last year the bottom step of the podium was occupied by Bangladeshis (about 10,000). The number of Tunisians arriving in Italy has decreased over the year so far, so be careful not to get confused: mainly residents of sub-Saharan countries leaving Tunisia, only one in seven have Tunisian citizenship. Finally, it is worth mentioning the arrival of 8,414 Egyptian citizens along the Libyan route, in particular the “eastern” route, which runs from the coast of Cyrenaica to Sicily.

These figures explain the record number of landings on Lampedusa, while France and Germany closed their borders with Italy and Tunisia banned a delegation from the European Parliament’s Foreign Affairs Committee (Afet) from entering the country. In less than 72 hours, more than 10 thousand people landed on Lampedusa: 2073 on September 11, 5108 on September 12 (the fourth highest figure in history according to the researcher). Matteo Villa ISPI) and another 2980 on September 13. A total of 125,928 migrants have landed by sea since the beginning of the year: the figures correspond to the terrible three-year period 2014-2017, which brought 170,000, 153,000 and 181,000 people to Italy respectively. Meanwhile, in a moment of maximum pressure, France and Germany stopped accepting migrants from Italy as part of a voluntary solidarity mechanism among EU member states to manage refugee flows. According to the German newspaper Die Welt, this is the federal government’s reaction to the blockade, which was carried out by the prime minister’s executive director. Georgia Meloni will impose a “nine month” period on transfers in accordance with the Dublin Regulations. Italy, according to a German newspaper, refuses to take back migrants who arrived on its territory as the first country of arrival and then crossed over to Germany.

A stop, the same one that came from Paris and Berlin, which Palazzo Chigi was at least partly expecting. “We have communicated that we can no longer welcome the so-called Dubliners because the hotspots are overcrowded and we will no longer be able to do this job unless Europe helps us close the external borders,” Meloni admitted in the 5 Minutes program. episode which aired last night on “Rai 1”. To the Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation Antonio Tajani, Europe must do much more to tackle migration: “The Dublin Pact is no longer relevant. The world has changed, and we cannot think of resolving today’s situations with outdated agreements. We need more courage and determination. We need the commitment of everyone,” Tajani said on Rai Radio 1. The idea, at least in words, is shared by German Interior Minister Nancy Faser. “The migration problem cannot be solved at the national level, it must find a solution at the European level level,” the minister told the Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung newspaper.

The crisis in Libya, the economic and financial problems of Tunisia, the destruction of the Sudanese capital Khartoum, the coup in Niger, the situation in Gabon, the crises in Afghanistan, Syria, the Horn of Africa and Bangladesh are all reasons for the boom in migrant arrivals in Italy. Meanwhile, in Sfax, the industrial city of Tunisia, now famous in Italy for its secret exits, another tragedy occurred. A pregnant mother and her three children died at sea while trying to reach Italy, without the knowledge of her husband and relatives. Jawaher, the woman’s nephew, told Mosaique Fm radio this morning that the older brother is seven years old, and the two younger sisters are only five and three years old. “My aunt was in a difficult financial situation and had been harboring the idea of ​​leaving for a long time, until she managed to save 10,000 dinars (about 3,000 euros) and decided to put her plan into action,” added the victim’s relative. The boat sailed in the evening from the beach of Sidi Mansour in the province of Sfax. According to survivors, the smuggler was in “changed conditions” and during the crossing “deliberately hit a rock, as a result of which a crack appeared in the hull of the boat, and the engine caught fire,” adds Mosaique Fm. The woman decided to leave after a friend convinced her that, once in Italy, she would not be deported and would receive a residence permit, given that she was about to give birth.

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