After the elections this Sunday in Chile, the traditional cast of forces in the Lower House New formations will be added, such as the Kast Christian Social Front or Franco Parisi’s People’s Party. In the case of the Chamber of Deputies, all of the seats were renewed, 155. In the Senate, half plus one of its members were elected: 27 legislators. With this partial renewal of the upper house, the 50 seats foreseen in the constitutional reform of 2015 were reached, after the creation of new regions that are now represented in parliament. At present, the country is divided into 16 senatorial constituencies and 28 congressional districts.
In the Senate, the two candidates who went to the second round got little support. In fact, I approve Dignity of Gabriel Boric, he will have five senators. Dignidad Now obtained three seats and the Green Ecologist Party with two, coalitions that are allies of the deputy for Magallanes.
For its part, José Antonio Kast’s Christian Social Front obtained a senator. Added to that achievement are the 24 seats won by the ruling Chile Podemos +, making it the first minority after raising five seats.
The center-left grouped in the New Social Pact (previously Social Convergence) lost five seats and will now have 18 seats.
Results in Deputies
In the lower house, the scene is similar, since their parties obtained fewer quotas than those estimated. Gabriel Boric’s pact, I Approve Dignity, will have 36 seats. His ally Dignidad Now will have three and the Green Ecologist Party, two, giving a total of 41 adherents.
They are added the positions achieved by the New Social Pact, which had fewer votes than Approve Dignidad but was left with one more seat, 37.
For its part, the pact that led to Kast won 15 seats, while the ruling party of Chile Podemos + will have 53 seats, after losing 18 seats.
New political ideas coming to parliament include the People’s Party, of the candidate who obtained the third place in the presidential elections, Franco Parisi. Grouping he will go to the lower house with seven legislators.
The new faces
Those elected include former ministers, activists and television faces. Among the first, the former ministers of Michelle Bachelet Alberto Undurraga (DC) and Helia Molina (PPD), the actress and pro-cannabis activist Ana María Gazmuri and the former Under-Secretary for Human Rights (HR), Lorena Fries, were elected by Approve Dignity.
In the case of the Metropolitan Region, one of the victims after the social outbreak, Fabiola Campillai obtained the first majority with 15.33%, with an independent candidacy. His name and faces are widely known by the population, as he lost his sight after being hit by a tear gas bomb thrown in the face by a policeman. To this the return of the Communist Party to the Senate is added: Claudia Pascual and Daniel Núñez will be the first to reach the upper house after the Pinochet coup.
For his part Kast’s party managed to install Gonzalo de la Carrera and Gloria Naveillán, a renowned spokesperson for the farmers of the south. In addition to the hand of National Renovation (RN) comes the controversial television psychiatrist María Luisa Cordero and Gaspar Rivas, a former National Renovation who now returns to the congress for Franco Parisi’s People’s Party. Evópoli, meanwhile, brought the Easterner model Hotuiti Teao to Congress. Another novelty is the arrival in Parliament of the expert Francisco Pulgar, from the also new Centro Unido party.
Chilean regulations limit the number of periods in which the honorable can remain in the cameras. For this reason, the current senator Carlos Bianchi will change cameras after being elected deputy, while the senatorial seat will be filled by his son Karim, who obtained the highest national vote.. Both ran as independents for Magellan.
Among those who lost in this vote, stands out the figure of the current senator Ena Von Baer, emblematic face of the right-wing Independent Democratic Union (UDI). The parliamentarian quickly acknowledged her defeat in this re-election, noting in a video uploaded to her Facebook account “I want to thank everyone who supported me these years in this beautiful region.”
The elections were marked by being the first presidential elections after the Social Outbreak registered in October 2019 and that meant the creation of the Constitutional Convention, which is drafting a new Constitution for the country.
Likewise, analysts agreed that in these elections the so-called crossed vote was registered, In simple terms, it corresponds to voting for different candidates depending on the position they are running for, beyond the party they represent.
The new parties
At the end of 2019, two new political parties were founded that in the middle of this year managed to legally constitute themselves: Republicans, by José Antonio Kast, and the People’s Party, by Franco Parisi. The cross-sectional opinion is that Republicans (which competes as the Christian Social Front) would influence the final result of the traditional right-wing parties grouped in the Chile Podemos + list, in an attempt to lead the sector in the political cycle that is beginning.
Franco Parisi’s People’s Party (PDG) is the second party with the largest number of militants with 43,570 affiliates in the country, ranking after the Communist Party (46,656 militants). For analysts, the emergence of this new electoral force responds to its critical discourse towards the parties and the political system as a whole, which reflects a disaffection towards traditional actors.