Respiratory Viruses | What is Bronchiolitis? : Symptoms and treatments of common viruses in children under 2 years old

What is bronchiolitis? : Symptoms and treatments of common viruses in babies

With the change of seasons, the temperature drops, and with it comes terrible weather. respiratory viruses, which has special effects on infants and young children.One of the things that worries parents the most is that Bronchiolitis,A Respiratory condition Complications may require hospitalization in minors. Closer to home, an epidemic of cases across Spain last winter that overwhelmed emergency rooms and pediatric intensive care units coincided with the relaxation of COVID-19 precautions and the removal of masks.

This year, health authorities hope to control a surge in new cases with coronavirus vaccinations. respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), causing bronchiolitis. In the case of Andalusia, vaccinations for children under 2 years old will begin on September 25 next year.

What is bronchiolitis?

Bronchiolitis is Inflammation of the finer branches of the bronchi, This can cause obstruction and difficulty breathing in the baby. It causes swelling, irritation, and mucus buildup in the small airways of the lungs. During breathing, when inhaling and exhaling, air flows through the respiratory tract: the trachea divides into left and right bronchi, which continue to divide into narrower and narrower tubes until it reaches an even narrower tube. bronchioles, and finally reaches the final destination – the alveoli.More common in younger children (under 2 years old), and Especially children under 6 months old.

What causes bronchiolitis?

According to the Mayo Clinic, the cause of bronchiolitis is respiratory syncytial virus.Respiratory syncytial virus is a Common viruses It infects almost all children under 2 years of age.Respiratory syncytial virus infection outbreaks occur frequently Occurs in the coldest months of the year Rainy season in some places or in others. It is possible for a person to have it multiple times. Other viruses can also cause bronchiolitis, including the viruses that cause the flu or the common cold.

Caring for a patient with bronchiolitis in the hospital.

What are the symptoms of bronchiolitis?

Bronchiolitis usually has cold-like symptoms such as runny nose, congestion, cough, and mild fever, so families should be aware of other symptoms, such as in small babies breathe harderwheezing (whistling and squeaking sounds when breathing), or ear infection.

How does it spread?

viruses that cause bronchiolitis they are easily infected. You can become infected through droplets in the air when a sick person coughs, sneezes, or talks. You can also get them by touching a shared object, such as a plate, doorknob, towel, or toy, and then touching your eyes, nose, or mouth.

Risk factors for bronchiolitis

Bronchiolitis affects children younger than 2 years old, and experts say babies younger than 3 months are at greater risk because their lungs and ability to fight infection are not fully developed. Bronchiolitis rarely occurs in adults.

Risk factors for bronchiolitis include premature birth, lung infections, a weakened immune system, exposure to tobacco, contact with other children (such as in preschool), and crowded spaces.

Treatment of bronchiolitis in minors

How to prevent the spread of bronchiolitis?

The same precautions must be taken as with other respiratory viruses: strict hygiene. For young children, measures include:

  • Wash hands of everyone who comes into contact with baby

  • Keep your baby away from anyone who has a cold, fever, or runny nose.

  • Avoid sharing eating utensils (plates, glasses, toys) with anyone showing symptoms of respiratory illness.

bronchiolitis vaccine

This winter, health authorities will administer a bronchiolitis vaccine for the first time.Will go with the medicine Befortusapproved by the EU in November and proven effective reduce Hospitalization Caused by respiratory syncytial virus (RSV).

This innovative drug contains Monoclonal antibodies Recombinants are administered single intramuscular injection. It applies to babies from birth through their first season of possible RSV infection to ensure they are more protected during their first exposure to the virus.

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