in accordance with World Health Organizationmore than 30 different bacteria, viruses and parasites are transmitted through sexual contact.
World Health Organization estimates Worldwide, 357 million people are infected with STDs caused by chlamydia, gonorrhea, syphilis or trichomonas each year. Likewise, more than 500 million people are infected with genital herpes, 240 million with hepatitis B, and more than 290 million women with human papillomavirus.
Most of the time these diseases are touch Vagina, mouth and anus. But they can also spread through other intimate physical contact, including the penis, vagina, mouth or anus. This is because some STDs, Like herpes and HPV, they are spread by skin-to-skin contact.
Some sexually transmitted diseases can be spread from one person Effects of a pregnant woman on her baby, both during pregnancy and during childbirth. Other Ways to Spread STDs It can be spread through breastfeeding, blood transfusions, or sharing needles.
Some of the health effects of STDs are:
- genital symptoms
- Complications During Pregnancy
- Increased likelihood of HIV transmission
- psychosocial impact
You may be interested in: What is TB and how can I prevent it?
What are STDs?
According to the World Health Organization and the Pan American Health Organization, there are more than 20 sexually transmitted diseases, the most common of which include:
- genital herpes
- HIV and AIDS
- HPV virus
What are the symptoms of STDs?
According to PAHO experts, these diseases may not cause symptoms and may sometimes be very mild. It is thought that you may have this disorder without knowing it. However, STDs can be harmful and can be transmitted during sexual intercourse even without symptoms.
Some of the most common symptoms when these disorders occur are:
- unusual discharge from the penis or vagina
- Sores or warts on the genital area
- frequent or painful urination
- itching and redness in the genital area
- Blisters or sores in or around the mouth
- unusual vaginal odor
- Anal itching, pain, or bleeding
- stomach ache
How are STDs Diagnosed?
Some STDs can be diagnosed with a physical exam or by microscopic examination of sores or fluid from the vagina, penis, or anus. Blood tests can diagnose other types of STDs.
If you are sexually active and in doubt, please consult your GP to arrange an examination accordingly.
How are STDs treated?
According to the Medline Plus portal, STDs caused by bacteria or parasites can be treated with antibiotics. There is no cure for STDs caused by viruses such as hepatitis B, herpes simplex (HSV or herpes), HIV, and human papillomavirus (HPV), but there are medications that can relieve symptoms and reduce the risk of spreading the infection.
Are STDs Preventable?
Taking into account the recommendations of dedicated health portals, STD Proper use of latex condoms can greatly reduce, but is not 100% reliableeven with condoms, there is a risk of contracting or transmitting sexually transmitted diseases.
If you are allergic to latex, you may choose to use polyurethane condoms. However, the most effective way to avoid infection is not to have anal, vaginal, or oral sex.
Prevent HPV and Hepatitis B Vaccines are available, ask your medical center how to obtain these biologics.