Tattoo removal: which lasers and which colors cause the most problems

The moment you decide to get a tattoo, you think it will last a lifetime, but never say never. More and more people wish to remove one or more tattoos from their skin after a while, perhaps because they are too bright and large, or because tastes have changed, or even because of professional needs, given that in some workers conditions for visible tattoos may be frowned upon or even prohibited. The good news is that there are more or less long-term methods for erasing them. leaving no scars. As the popularity of tattoos grew, so did the cases of “repentance”.. Pentiti in Europe ranges from 5-20%, according to the EpiCentro Istituto Superiore di Sanità, in the USA the values ​​are about 14-17%, in Canada they are estimated at 17%, while in Italy, 17.2% of tattooed people have thought about having them removed, and 4.3% have actually had them removed. Causes? Loss of meaning (51.3%), dislike (39.3%), faded color (15.9%), incompatibility with work (11.4%), for health reasons (11.4%).

First steps for tattoo removal

The first step is one dermatological examination both to assess the area to be processed and to collect relevant information for the purposes of deletion. In fact, the doctor will take into account the type of tattoo being removed, the patient’s skin condition, the presence of previous tumors, as well as ongoing pharmacological therapy, pregnancy or lactation. Once you get the big picture, the best removal method will be recommended to you. laser treatment is usually suggested. There are also many VIPs who regret getting a tattoo, such as: Elisabetta Canalis, Angelina Jolie, Melissa Satta, Megan Fox and Belen Rodriguez. When Angelina Jolie The first tattoo, laser removed in the early 2000s, was a drawing of a dragon with Billy Bob written on it, which is her second husband’s name. Instead of, Elisabetta Canalis before the final removal, he got a tattoo of the name of the rapper Eminem on his right arm, at the time he was a Striscia la Notizia cloth, only to then repent and cover it with a crown of roses, to then finally remove everything permanently with a laser in 2019.

Laser and surgical treatment

If the results of the dermatological examination show no contraindications for laser treatment, proceed with the selection of the type of laser and the cycle required for tattoo removal.. Different lasers are used depending on the color, size and position. After a tattoo, the number of sessions and the time interval between sessions also differ, as the skin needs to be given time to regenerate. All lasers use light energy at different wavelengths: the color is fragmented and then removed by the immune system. Usually, at least five treatment sessions are required, with some variations depending on the color and location of the tattoo: if black or dark shades are easier to remove than light or polychrome ones with colors such as green, blue, yellow and white. Also, tattoos on the back are easier to treat than tattoos on other parts of the body.
Another option for removal is surgery.which goes down to: cryosurgery, which acts through the necrosis of tattooed tissues through the application of liquid nitrogen, but is currently little practiced because, in addition to very slow healing, it causes non-selective tissue destruction and often with unwanted scarring. ; lsurgical excisionused to remove small tattoos on easily treatable areas of the body and does not leave traces of pigment on the skin.


There are lasers and lasers for tattoo removal. Most often used – we read on the portal “Epicentro” of the Higher Institute of Health – versions Q-switch ruby ​​laser (λ=694 nm; effective against black, blue and green), Nd:YAG lasers (λ=1064 nm and 532 nm; effective against black and dark blue or red-orange and some yellows) and alexandrite laser (λ=755 nm; effective against black, blue and green). Although tattoo removal usually requires four to ten sessions, it should be borne in mind that in some cases complete removal cannot be achieved. Particularly for multi-colored tattoos, due to inorganic pigments such as iron, zinc and titanium oxides, or it may happen that more than one laser system may be required to completely remove a multi-colored tattoo.

Skin reactions

After laser sessions, they can small crusts appear what to apply for ointments with antibiotics. However, in some cases this may happen just blush which needs to be soothed only with special creams, as well as compresses with ice or cold, which also serve to reduce swelling and erythema after treatment. Since the skin is stressed, there is no need to add more, so there is no sun exposure. If you really have to remove the tattoo in the summer, you should apply high protection and gauze covered with a plaster.

Risks and Complications

Be careful and don’t give in to the thought, “I get a tattoo because I want to, and then I can remove it with a laser.” It is indeed a possible operation, but not without risk. Among the latter are That pigmentation disorders such as hypopigmentation, which is the most common complication, followed by hyperpigmentation. Another possible side effect is permanent discoloration of the tattoo., usually darker in color. “Tattoo removal can cause hypersensitivity reactions. The reaction can be caused not only by the pigment, but also by its decay products. Local allergic reactions after laser removal were mainly observed when using red pigment (presence of mercury), green (presence of chromium) e blue (presence of cobalt),” writes the Epicentro portal.

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