The 7 data that show how sexist violence affects women in Latin America (and why the pandemic worsened the situation)

Reports from the United Nations and ECLAC, within the framework of the International Day against gender violence, show that there were more than 4,000 femicides in 2020 and that the home continues to be an unsafe place for them.

The data is not encouraging. Sexist violence continues to enjoy good health in Latin America and the Caribbean, despite the fact that today there is more visibility of the problem, pressure from feminist groups and a greater response from the state, compared to previous years.

Femicide, recognized as the “most lethal and extreme form of gender-based violence,” continues to affect more than 4,000 women in the region, according to data collected in 2020, although they show a slight decrease when compared to the figures registered in 2019.

The most recent report of the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC), launched in the context of the International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women, warns about the need to implement effective policies to eradicate feminicides and the rest of the violence suffered by women and girls, while the UN already qualifies this reality as a “pandemic in the shadows.” What are the most alarming data?

1. 4,091 femicides

According to the ECLAC report, in 2020 there were a total of 4,091 typified femicides in 26 countries of the region: 17 in Latin America and 9 in the Caribbean. However, the agency highlights that one of the problems with these data is that “there is no common methodology for this crime.”

Although there is a 10.6% decrease in the number of murders of women for reasons of gender, compared to 2019, when 4,576 cases occurred, the numbers show that this form of violence continues to affect thousands of women each year.

Honduras, with 4.7 cases per 100,000 women, tops the list of femicides in Latin America in 2020, followed by the Dominican Republic (2.1) and El Salvador (2.1), although these three nations reported a decrease in this crime with respect to the previous year. The same happened in Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Guatemala, Paraguay, Puerto Rico and Uruguay.

2. Women between 30 and 44 years old: the main victims

The data managed by ECLAC reveal that women between the ages of 30 and 44 made up the age group with the highest femicide victims, registering 344 cases last year.

Similarly, adolescents and young adult women, between 15 and 29 years old, make up the second ethereal range with the most victims, with 355 cases in 2020; while at least 40 girls and those under 15 were murdered for gender reasons in the same period.

3. 357 boys and girls without their mothers or caregivers

In addition to lethal violence against women, the ECLAC study also considers the other victims of femicides: children, adolescents and other dependents who are left without the protection of their caregivers.

According to the count, at least 357 children and adolescents suffered the consequences of this violence in these Latin American countries: Argentina, Chile, Costa Rica, Panama, Paraguay and Uruguay.

4. 11% of women victims of sexual violence

In Latin America and the Caribbean, at least 11% of women and adolescents over 15 years of age have been victims of sexual violence at least once in their lives, which is twice the world average, details the World Health Organization (WHO).

5. 1 in 2 women, victims of violence during the pandemic

The most recent UN Women report, entitled ‘Measuring the pandemic in the shadows: violence against women during covid-19’, detests that at least one in two women “had experienced some form of violence since the beginning of the pandemic. “.

The study, carried out based on surveys from 13 countries, details that women who reported being victims of this violence were “1.3 times more likely to present an increase in mental and emotional stress than women who did not.”

6. 1 in 4 women feel less safe at home

The data handled by UN Women also showed that at least one in four women said they felt “less safe” in their own home and that conflicts within their own home increased since the start of the coronavirus pandemic.

Physical abuse (21%) was one of the reasons most cited by women, while others reported having been victims of harm from other family members (21%). 19% reported that other women in their home suffered mistreatment.

7. 40% of women feel more insecure on the street

In addition to the insecurity in their own place of residence, fear of violence in the streets is a constant for women, since at least 40% of those surveyed said that they felt less safe walking alone at night.

“About three out of five women also think that sexual harassment in public spaces has worsened during covid-19,” says UN Women.

Along these lines, the executive director of that body, Sima Bahous, has stressed that violence against women “is an existing global crisis” that is expanding along with other situations and conflicts, and that it contributes to “living with sensation danger, even in their own homes, neighborhoods or communities. “

This situation, already worrying in itself, worsened during the Covid-19 health crisis due to the confinement and social isolation measures that were implemented, giving way to “a second pandemic of shadow violence against women and girls, and who were often confined together with their abusers. “

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Helen Hernandez is our best writer. Helen writes about social news and celebrity gossip. She loves watching movies since childhood. Email: Phone : +1 281-333-2229

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