The Ministry of Health issued an alert for the risk of measles returning in Argentina

Despite the fact that in 2020 Argentina once again positioned itself as a country free of measles, the Ministry of Health national issued in the last hours an alert for “risk of reintroduction”Of this disease to the country.

According to the document, this alarm is related to the decrease in vaccination coverage for this pathology and the circulation of the virus in Brazil and sprouts in USA and other countries of Europe.

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Measles virus circulation in the Region of the Americas continues to be active”, Clarifies the document released by Carla Vizzotti’s portfolio. In addition, it warns that 619 cases were confirmed in Brazil, including 2 deaths in 6 federal units, while in the United States there were 47 and in French Guiana, five.

What is measles and how is it spread?

Measles is caused by a virus that is highly contagious. It is spread by coughing and sneezing, intimate personal contact, or direct contact with infected nasal or throat secretions. The contagion occurs when other people breathe the air or touch a contaminated surface and then they touch their eyes, nose, or mouth.

The virus present in the air or on infected surfaces remains active and contagious for periods of up to two hours, and can be transmitted by a infected individual from 4 days before to 4 days after the appearance of the exanthema (rash). Its ability to spread is even so high that it infects up to 90% of people who have been close to someone sick and do not have immunity.

Due to its characteristics, measles can generate epidemics that cause many deaths, especially among malnourished young children, since it can cause serious complications, such as pneumonia and encephalitis (a rare disease, with a progressive course and fatal outcome).

This pathology it is lethal in up to 1 or 2 of every thousand infected children. Being that in the countries where it was practically eliminated, imported cases still appear as a possible source of outbreaks. That is why the Ministry of Health asked the health teams that “in the presence of cases of febrile exanthematous disease (EFE) be notified immediately to generate timely control actions and avoid the reintroduction of the virus to the country.”

The Ministry of Health issued an alert for the risk of measles returning in Argentina

What are the symptoms of measles

Generally, the first symptom of measles is usually a high fever, which occurs 10 to 12 days after exposure to the virus and lasts for four to seven days.

The most common symptoms are:

  • High fever
  • Cough
  • Runny nose (acute or blunt rhinitis)
  • Red, watery eyes (conjunctivitis)

Meanwhile, the typical rash of the disease is evident three to five days after the first symptoms, between seven and 18 days (with an average of 14 days) after coming into contact with the pathogen. Starts as flat, red spots on the face and upper neck, and then gradually spreads to the rest of the body, until it affects the hands and feet.

The Ministry of Health issued an alert for the risk of measles returning in Argentina

Later, on the red and flat spots, small bumps may appear, which can join as they extend from the head to the rest of the body. At this stage of the rash, an increase in fever may be recorded. Most deaths are related to complications of the disease, which are more frequent in children under five and adults over 30.

The aftermath that can leave measles are:

  • Blindness
  • Encephalitis (infection accompanied by brain edema)
  • Severe diarrhea (which can lead to dehydration)
  • Ear infections
  • Serious respiratory infections (such as pneumonia)

Measles: how to prevent it

The only method to prevent infection is vaccination, which appears as triple or double viral in the National Calendar and applies to 12 months and before entering primary school (five years). It is extremely important that both doses have been administered to have sufficient coverage against the virus, especially if traveling to countries or regions with measles circulation.

It is worth clarifying that the double or triple viral vaccine is contraindicated by the national Ministry of Health in children under 6 months, pregnant women and people with immunosuppression.

The Ministry of Health issued an alert for the risk of measles returning in Argentina

Measles: what is the situation in Argentina and the world

The last endemic case in Argentina was registered in 2000 and since the country was considered measles-free until 2018, a total of 43 imported and import-related cases were registered. During the outbreak that took place between 2019 and 2020, a total of 199 cases were confirmed, of which 18 were imported, two were related to these and 179 were of unknown origin.

Read also: Measles alert: everything you need to know

Meanwhile, until October of this year 43,203 cases were reported to the World Health Organization (WHO), mainly in the Eastern Mediterranean Region and Africa. While in the Americas, infections were reported in: Brazil (619 infected and two deaths), the United States (47) and French Guiana (five).

“To sustain the achievements and avoid the reintroduction of the virus, it is necessary to maintain high vaccination coverage with two doses (double or triple viral) and a sensitive surveillance system capable of detecting cases in a timely manner and preventing their dissemination”, highlights the Ministry of Health national.

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Helen Hernandez is our best writer. Helen writes about social news and celebrity gossip. She loves watching movies since childhood. Email: Phone : +1 281-333-2229

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