The president of the convention that drafts the new Constitution of Chile, the indigenous academic Elisa loncon, affirmed that the new president, who is voting in the first round this Sunday, “It will be transitional” and its work will be “to facilitate the constitutional path.”
“Whoever is installed today will be a transitional government that in the future will have to see how it implements the new Constitution”Loncón claimed from a voting station in the capital.
“It is very important who is elected today or who goes to the second round because they will have to continue governing in a constitutional way.”, He expressed.
In 2020, Chile decided to leave behind its current Magna Carta, inherited from the dictatorship of Augusto Pinochet (1973-1990), and entrusted the task of drafting a new one to a joint assembly, with indigenous participation and a progressive tendency.
Implement the rules of the new fundamental law, if approved in an exit plebiscite – predictably next year – it will be one of the main challenges of the next president, what will happen to the conservative Sebastian Piñera in March 2022.
Are seven candidates in total and, according to the polls, none would prevail in the first round and the leftist deputy would go to the ballot on December 19 Gabriel boric and the far right Jose Antonio Kast.
The former minister and letter from the ruling party are also an alternative, Sebastian Sichel, and the Christian Democrat Yasna Provoste, and with less support, the progressive Marco Enriquez-Ominami; Franco Parisi, a controversial economist based in the United States, and Eduardo Arts, radical left.
“It doesn’t matter who wins. We need a president who talks and assume the great responsibility of installing the demands for the fundamental rights of mother earth, women, and native nations “Loncón added.
The constituent process was opened as the political way to soften the social crisis that began in 2019, the most serious in three decades, which lasted for more than a year with massive protests over a more egalitarian socioeconomic model, feminist and environmentalist.
Some experts point out that an eventual victory for far-right Kast, who opposed changing the Magna Carta in 2020, could stress the constituent process, something that the same candidate has rejected in various appearances.
More than 15 million people are called to the polls to elect the new president but also for partially renew Parliament, a crucial element for the governance of the country.
All deputies (155) will be elected for a period of 4 years and 27 senators out of a total of 50 for a period of 8 years.
One of the big questions is participationSince the vote is voluntary (2012), no election has exceeded 50% of the electoral roll except the plebiscite for a new 2020 Constitution.
(With information from EFE)