Tick-borne diseases and their manifestations

Every year, as the temperature rises, the ticks reappear with a blood thirst.

When they burrow into their prey, they can feast for days, give them plenty of time Diseases passed from ticks to humansanyone. They can also spread more than one disease at a time.

Due in part to climate change, diseases transmitted by these animals are on the rise, with cases reported to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention increasing by 25 percent from 2001 to 2019. Diseases spread by these animals are reported every year, according to the World Food Organization’s health organization. Between 10,000 and 12,000 cases of the disease in Europe and North Asia.

Ticks cannot fly or jump; instead, they crawl and climb onto their prey.often clinging to grass or bushes (but not trees) They will rush towards you as you brush past them.

these are Most Common Tick-Borne Illnesses and Symptoms What to pay attention to:

Lyme disease can cause a bull’s-eye rash

A common bull's-eye rash on the legs of people with Lyme disease.
A common bull’s-eye rash on the legs of people with Lyme disease.Anacopa/Getty Images

Lyme disease is one of the most common tick-borne illnesses in our country, according to the health department. The disease has an incidence of 0.3 cases per 100,000 inhabitants, but is believed to affect nearly 15% of the world’s population.

this Lyme disease spread by black-legged ticks, also known as the deer tick.Many people with this disorder develop red or blue rash Extend 2 cm or more. Only 20% of people develop the well-known bull’s-eye rash.

Other symptoms of Lyme disease are Fever, severe fatigue, headache, muscle and joint pain, and swollen lymph nodes.

mediterranean boutonniere fever

Small dense red spots appear on someone's hands and arms.
Smith Collection/Gado/Getty Images

Diseases endemic to the Mediterranean basin may be spread by dog ​​ticks It is the most common disease associated with this arthropod in our country. Even so, its incidence is low at 0.3 to 0.4 cases per 100,000 inhabitants.

The disease has an incubation period of 5 to 20 days and occurs in two stages. During the first process, the following symptoms appear: Fever, malaise, headache, or conjunctival injection.then a Maculopapular rash All over palms and soles of feet.

Ulcerative dark spots also occur in up to 75% of cases.

Anaplasmosis is not associated with a rash but can cause flu-like symptoms

Infected people typically experience flu-like symptoms such as fever, chills and severe headache.
Infected people typically experience flu-like symptoms such as fever, chills and severe headache.Justin Paget/Getty Images

Cases of anaplasmosis are rare in our country.they sign up More frequent between May and October.

It is transmitted by black-legged ticks and western black-legged ticks.

Symptoms of anaplasmosis usually begin 1 to 2 weeks after the tick bite and include Fever, chills, severe headache, muscle aches, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and loss of appetite.

Babesia can cause flu-like symptoms

Close-up of a tick attached to a person.touching the skin on either side of the tick with your fingers
rbkomar/Getty Images

Very rare, clinical manifestations are mainly seen in immunocompromised patients.during Incubation time is 7 to 14 daysAlthough it can be up to 60.

Some people with babesiosis don’t experience any symptoms and don’t need treatment.But those who do, you can try fever, muscle or joint pain, nausea, and headache.

Debonel/Tibola incidence is on the rise

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According to health data, the incidence of the disease Transmitted by sheep ticks It is rising.

Symptoms include area of ​​scalp necrosis In addition to fever in some cases, this can also occur at the bite site.

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