World

Titanoboa: how was the prehistoric snake of 15 meters and 1,200 kilos

They did not poison their prey but, just as the current boas constrictor do, they suffocated them
They did not poison their prey but, just as the current boas constrictor do, they suffocated them

Paleontologists of the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute of the USA found 19 years ago in Colombia the fossil remains of a snake that later, with the course of the investigations, it was cataloged as the largest of that species on record. The specimen dates from about 60 million years old and measured about 15 meters long, with an approximate step of 1,200 kilos.

Studies continued for years and specialists were able to determine that the species They did not poison their prey but, as current boas constrictors do, they suffocated them with a pressure estimated to be the equivalent of the weight per square inch exerted by the Brooklyn Bridge.

It is the largest snake found to date, since it exceeded the one that previously had this characteristic, the Gigantophis, in size.

It was baptized as Titanoboa cerrejonensis because of its enormous size and the place where its remains were found, which is the Cerrejón coal mine, in Colombia, one of the largest open pit mines in the world.

It could devour crocodiles in one bite, without making a lump, and its physical appearance resembled what today would be a boa constrictor
It could devour crocodiles in one bite, without making a lump, and its physical appearance resembled what today would be a boa constrictor

With up to 15 meters in length and an approximate weight of 1.2 tons, the Titanoboa cerrejonensis is recognized for being the largest snake species on record to date. Its fossil remains were found some years ago in the Cerrejón coal mine, in the Colombian department of La Guajira.

In an article by National Geographic in Spanish published recently, it was explained that these specimens lived ago 60 million years in the rivers and swamps of Colombia. Product of its size, it was capable of devour crocodiles in one bite, without making a lump, and his physical appearance resembled what today would be a boa constrictor.

According to specialists, Crocodiles were a common food for the Titanoboa, although they estimated that due to its size it did so without causing inflammation. Currently, the largest snakes also eat crocodiles. Paleontologists found remains of both species in the same archaeological site, which supports that this was part of their food. The specialists initially estimated that the Titanoboa was a super predator of the Paleocene ecosystem in which it lived, but later evidence was found that this animal would have eaten mainly fish, a characteristic that would make Titanoboa unique. among all the boidos.

Cerrejón was a dense jungle with twice the rainfall per year than the Amazon, with oppressive humidity and animals and plants that were twice in size than those known today.
Cerrejón was a dense jungle with twice the rainfall per year than the Amazon, with oppressive humidity and animals and plants that were twice in size than those known today.

“In the middle of the coal deposit, a group of paleontologists found evidence of fossilized plants at the site in 2002, the first indication that some 58 million years ago, Cerrejón was a dense jungle with twice as much rainfall per year as the Amazon, with an oppressive humidity and animals and plants that were twice in size than those known today“Said the portal.

The size of snakes, like that of all cold-blooded animals, depends on the ambient temperature in which they live. That is why it is estimated that the Titanoboa needed to live in an average annual temperature of between 30 and 34 degrees in order to survive.

In the coal mine where it was found, one of the largest open pit in the world, paleontologists from the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute They also found remains of giant tortoises and crocodiles, next to some old plants. This made it possible to identify changes in the country’s climate patterns, since, what is now an arid region, millions of years ago was a tropical humid forest where this class of species lived, with temperatures that oscillated between 30 and 34 degrees celsius to survive.

As a result of the particular finds, searches were accelerated in 2007, and all the remains were displayed for the first time at the Florida Museum of Natural Sciences, in Gainesville.
As a result of the particular finds, searches were accelerated in 2007, and all the remains were displayed for the first time at the Florida Museum of Natural Sciences, in Gainesville.

As a result of the particular findings, in 2007 Searches were sped up, and all the remains were shown for the first time in the Florida Museum of Natural Sciences, in Gainesville. At first, when the bones exhumed from the Cerrejón mine were seen, the specialists noticed that the size of the specimen was not normal, as they compared it with the skeleton of an anaconda, which, in the best of cases, does not exceed the five meters in length.

Being identified as a distant relative of the boas, did not kill their prey with poison, but, taking advantage of their size, He suffocated them with a constricting force of more than 180 kilos per square inch: a weight greater than Brooklyn bridge, In New York. Some years later, and thanks to the fact that the vertebrae, ribs and skulls of several copies, a precise reconstruction was made.

Reconstructed specimen of the Titanoboa exhibited in Grand Central, New York
Reconstructed specimen of the Titanoboa exhibited in Grand Central, New York

THE FINDING OF A MASTODON TANK IN NORTH OF SANTANDER:

The township of Agualinda, located half an hour from the capital of North of Santander, Cúcuta, is characterized by its great archaeological importance. There you will find a Archaeological and Paleontological Museum, and this vocation was ratified with the impressive discovery of a fang of a mastodon of the Quaternary Era, last September.

The Secretary of Culture of Agualinda attributed the discovery to Camilo Andrés Rodríguez, a 12-year-old boy, who, together with his grandfather, Gonzalo roa, was tracking one of his goats. Information from the authorities revealed that the fossil has a length of 1.86 meters and it is already located in the museum of the population.

Mr. Gonzalo Roa and his grandson Camilo Andres Rodriguez.  Mayor of Agualinda who found a mastodon tusk from the Quaternary Era in the same area where the prehistoric boa appeared
Mr. Gonzalo Roa and his grandson Camilo Andres Rodriguez. Mayor of Agualinda who found a mastodon tusk from the Quaternary Era in the same area where the prehistoric boa appeared

“We saw it some time ago and we notified the president of the Community Action Board, who at that time had undergone an operation. The child told me: we go and take it out, but we did not dare because we did not know how to remove that. Until finally this Sunday a group of neighbors came to bring him ”, Roa indicated at the time to the newspaper The opinion.

KEEP READING:

Puzzle solved: discover where and when horses were first domesticated
Dinosaurs of Patagonia: what are the three findings that change what was known until today
Scientists were able to identify what could be the longest dinosaur that ever lived

Source link

HELEN HERNANDEZ

Helen Hernandez is our best writer. Helen writes about social news and celebrity gossip. She loves watching movies since childhood. Email: Helen@oicanadian.com Phone : +1 281-333-2229

Related Articles

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Back to top button

Adblock Detected

Please consider supporting us by disabling your ad blocker