Today’s Almanac, Friday, September 1st: The End of the Sun King

It happened today

On September 1, 1715, at the remarkable age of 77, the Sun King died at Versailles “without any effort, like an extinguished candle.” Louis Dieudonnet de Bourbon was crowned King of France on June 7, 1654 at Reims Cathedral. Symbol of absolutism Louis XIV he remained on the throne for 72 years, the longest reign in history (even Elizabeth II could not defeat him, she had less than two years left). King Idris he had sat on the throne of Libya for just under 19 years when he was overthrown in a coup d’├ętat on September 1, 1969. The ruler was in Turkey: a military group – the “Movement of Free Union Officers” – quickly took control of the government, abolished the monarchy and proclaimed a republic. The coup was essentially bloodless. The rebels were led by a young officer (who soon appointed himself a colonel): Muammar Gaddafi. He will remain the absolute leader of the country for more than forty years. (Luigi Gaetani)

born of the day

Edgar Rice Burroughs, September 1, 1875, American writer

Edda Ciano, 1 September 1910, daughter of Benito Mussolini

Vittorio Gassman, September 1, 1922, actor, director, screenwriter and writer

Sandra Mondaini, September 1, 1931, actress, television presenter and singer

Carmelo Bene, September 1, 1937, actor, director, playwright and philosopher

Elisabetta Belloni, 1 September 1958, civil servant and diplomat

Paola De Micheli, September 1, 1973, businessman and politician

Carlos Sainz, September 1, 1994, Spanish racing driver

Zendaya, September 1, 1996, is an American actress.

Jeon Jungkook, born September 1, 1997, is a South Korean singer-songwriter and member of the BTS group.

dead day

Louis XIV of France, September 1, 1715, French sovereign, also known as the Sun King.

Elena Varzi, September 1, 2014, actress.

Saint of the day

Sant’Egidio, hermit. There is little reliable information about his life: according to some sources, he was born in Athens and moved to Provence to found a monastery, which, after his death, took his name (Saint-Gilles Abbey). In the Middle Ages, he became famous thanks to the miracles attributed to him.

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