In the ephemeris of January 15 These events that occurred on a day like today in Argentina and the world stand out:
● 1919. Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht are assassinated in Berlin. Two weeks earlier they had founded the Communist Party of Germany together with other leftist leaders. The revolutionary climate led to repression by vigilante forces. The repression reaches the two intellectuals: Liebknecht is shot in the neck and buried in a mass grave. Luxemburg is beaten with rifle butts before being shot in the head. His body is thrown into a canal.
● 1928. The poet Hugo Padeletti was born in Alcorta, province of Santa Fe. He published poems, 12 poems, parliaments of the wind, Notes in the Ashram Y old man songIn addition to the tests Art and poetry in Heidegger Y Occasional texts on art and poetry. He was also a plastic artist. He passed away in 2018, three days before his 90th birthday.
● 1929. Martin Luther King, the key figure in the struggle for civil rights in the United States, was born in Atlanta. Pastor of the Baptist Church, he became involved from 1955 with the famous boycott against the bus service in Montgomery, Alabama, which was the foundation stone in the fight against segregation. The climax was the march on Washington in August 1963, in which he delivered his best-known speech: “I have a dream.” Owner of a powerful oratory, his preaching through non-violence earned him the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964. He was assassinated in Memphis on April 4, 1968. On the third Monday of January of each year, in memory of his birth, in the United States is a holiday.
● 1944. A devastating 7.4 magnitude earthquake leaves the city of San Juan in ruins. More than 10,000 people die in the biggest natural disaster in Argentine history. A stage of reconstruction begins that will take years in the city of Cuyo. As part of the state action, a charity festival is held at Luna Park, where Juan Domingo Perón and Eva Duarte will meet.
● 1952. Eduardo Federico Beilinson, an emblematic member of Patricio Rey and his Ricotta Rounds, was born in La Plata. Skay Beilinson formed the band with Indio Solari at the end of the 70’s and they established themselves in the scene of the 80’s with albums like Gulp! Y October. After the Redondos split in 2001, Beilinson formed Skay y los Fakires.
● 1958. In San Jorge, province of Santa Fe, Luis Pescetti was born. Musician and writer, his work was mainly aimed at children. The citizen of my shoes earned him the prince Casa de las Américas in 1997. Two years later he appeared Natasha, a novel for children that began a saga that already has nine titles. In his discography stand out, among other titles, Dirty mouth, Useless to insist Y he started first.
● 1959. The seizure of the Frigorífico Lisandro de la Torre begins, in rejection of the idea of privatizing it by the government of Arturo Frondizi. The workers initiate a strike, led by Sebastián Borro, which represents the biggest working-class reaction since the fall of Juan Domingo Perón. An occupation begins that is repressed by two thousand policemen in the middle of a general strike. After the lifting of the force measure, some five thousand workers are dismissed. The company was handed over to the Argentine Corporation of Meat Producers.
● 1988. Irish politician Seán MacBride dies at the age of 83. He was chancellor of his country between 1948 and 1951 and for his diplomatic work he shared the 1974 Nobel Peace Prize with the Japanese premier Eisaku Sato. However, the contribution for which he is best remembered was still missing: the communication report that bears his name, commissioned by UNESCO and released in 1980. The MacBride Report put forward proposals for a New World Communication Order and Information (Nomic) that would resolve the asymmetries caused by the power of communication companies from the central countries to the detriment of the peripheral ones, incapable of counteracting its effects. The United States’ rejection of the Report was so great that, in 1983, it announced its departure from UNESCO.
● 2009. An Airbus 320 takes off from LaGuardia Airport in New York, bound for Charlotte. Within minutes, a flock of geese cross paths and damage the engines. Without propulsion, pilot Chesley Sullenberger decides to return to LaGuardia. However, the Airbus loses height and there is no way to return. So, Sullenberger opts to splash down in the Hudson River. The image of the plane on the water goes around the world. The splashdown is the most successful in the history of aviation: the 150 passengers and 5 crew leave with some injuries, but no one dies from the impact with the water. The story was reconstructed in 2016 by Clint Eastwood in his film Sulli.