In the ephemeris of November 24 These events that occurred on a day like today in Argentina and the world stand out:
● 1859. The first edition of the book that changes the course of science is published: The origin of the speciesby Charles Darwin. The English naturalist proposes his theory of evolution and natural selection to explain the development of species. Evolutionism took a strong impulse from Darwin’s book, while the Church, clinging to the idea of divine creation, fought his theories.
● 1870. In Paris, Isidore Ducasse, the Count of Lautréamont, dies at the age of 24. He was born in Montevideo, the son of a French diplomat, and grew up in the Uruguayan capital until he was 13 years old. Considered a forerunner of surrealism, his only book published in life was The songs of Maldoror, which brings together six poetic songs in which, among other things, it glorifies sadomasochism and murder, and which inspired an opera by Leo Maslíah.
● 1908. Libertad Lamarque was born in Rosario. She was an actress and singer and participated in the beginnings of Argentine cinema. He was in Tango!, the first talking movie in the country. He also filmed The circus cavalcade, in whose filming he faced Eva Duarte. She went to Mexico and continued a career that made her one of the best-known figures on the continent. Called “America’s bride,” she died in Mexico in 2000.
● 1927. In Las Palmas de Gran Canaria the tenor Alfredo Kraus was born, one of the most popular lyrical singers of the second half of the 20th century. He was part of the great litter of opera singers who emerged in Spain, along with José Carreras, Montserrat Caballé and Plácido Domingo. The protagonist of Werther, from Massenet, was considered his great role. He died in 1999.
● 1941. Ricardo Piglia is born. He was the author of novels like Artificial respiration, The absent city, Burnt silver and Night white; essays like Criticism and fiction, Short forms and The last reader; and stories gathered in The invasion and False name. He died in 2017.
● 1941. Horacio Altuna was born in Córdoba, one of the greats of the comic strip in Argentina. Together with the scriptwriter Carlos Trillo they created The little doors of Señor López and Crazy Chavez. Later, he drew and wrote The Nene Montanaro and drew for Playboy. He settled in Spain.
● 1954. Emir Kusturica was born in Sarajevo. The Balkan filmmaker twice won the Palme d’Or at Cannes, with Dad went on a business trip, in 1985, and ten years later with Uderground. He also filmed Gypsy time, Black cat, white cat and The life is a miracle, Among other films. He also dedicated documentaries to the figures of Diego Maradona and José Mujica. In addition, he ventured into music with the Non Smoking Orchestra.
● 1963. Two days after the assassination of John Fizgerald Kennedy, Lee Harvey Oswald, suspected of having killed the president, is assassinated. Oswald, 24, is killed by Jack Ruby, a businessman of the night who shoots him when he leaves the police station where he was detained. Ruby maintained that she did not want to see Kennedy’s widow suffer in the murder trial. He died in jail in 1967.
● 1991. Victim of HIV, Freddie Mercury dies. The singer had announced a day before that he suffered from the disease, and had just recorded Innuendo, his latest album with Queen, which closes with the heartbreaking “The Show Must Go On”. He was 45 years old. It was the face of one of the most popular bands in rock history. They broke into the 70s and stayed until Mercury’s death, although the group has toured in recent years and even released an album, Made in heaven, with unpublished recordings of the singer.