this urinary tract and ear infections Expert Dr. Carlos Barcones said it was the most common ailment seen in emergency departments this summer because of increased exposure to water and humidity, as well as the high summer heat that causes bacteria to multiply. In the emergency department of the Quiron Salud Hospital in Córdoba.
Dr. Barcones explained that while these conditions are usually not serious, they can be very annoying and painful and affect daily life, so it is advisable to try to prevent them and know how to act at the first symptoms.this Cystitis It is usually the most common urinary tract infection, especially in young women, and is characterized by an infection caused by bacteria that causes inflammation and pain in the bladder and is accompanied by other symptoms such as frequent urination, which is the need to urinate many times during the day but in small amounts, and urgency , that is, the feeling of continuing to urinate after urination, difficulty urinating, and pain when urinating.
The main cause of urinary tract infection is sweating, reducing fluid intake, and wearing a wet bathing suit over a long period of time. These factors can lead to changes in the normal vaginal flora, favoring the proliferation and growth of pathogenic bacteria that enter the bladder through the urethra. The origin of most UTIs is microbes from the gut, and only a few are produced by environmental microbes.
bacteria Escherichia coliThat found in fecesAccording to Dr. Barcones, 70 to 90 percent of infections are caused by viruses. Rarely, infection with other enteric gram-negative bacilli may occur (Klebsiella proteus), and those with debilitating pathology or immunosuppressive Serratia or Pseudomonas). They are rarely produced by fungi and yeasts, viruses and parasites.
Dr Bacones confirmed, “ diagnosis In emergency departments, this test can be performed quickly and easily by performing a urinalysis using dipsticks. This test, along with the patient’s symptoms, guides us to a diagnosis, which must be confirmed with a urine culture. However, empiric antibiotic therapy should be started immediately. “
To avoid UTIs, doctors recommend “increasing fluid intake enough to produce Pass two liters of urine in 24 hoursas long as it is not contraindicated by another medical pathology”. It also helps to urinate more frequently (every 2-3 hours), do not wear wet bathing suits, avoid sudden temperature changes, dry the body from front to back at all times, and avoid constipation Stimulant products such as spermicides or vaginal showers should not be used in the genitourinary area, and cotton underwear is recommended so as not to alter the vaginal flora.It is essential to follow a healthy diet that is adequately hydrated and rich in fruits and vegetables.
Incidence of urinary tract infections according to the Spanish Association of Family and Community Medicine it’s seasonal and peaks in summer with a notable peak mid-season. Days with an average weekly temperature between 25 and 30 °C were associated with a 20-30% increase in the incidence of UTIs compared to cooler weeks. In addition, as the temperature rises, the complications caused by urinary tract infections will also increase.
outer ear problems
Other frequent inquiries this summer were those related to outer ear problems. According to Dr. Bacones, ” external otitis In summer, this is largely due to salt water and fresh water that maintain humidity in the ear canal, and is also associated with small injuries that occur when using earplugs or scratching, causing bacterial growth in the area and ear skin infections”. The main symptoms are pain, especially Pain on pressing and swallowing. “Otoscopy is essential for diagnosis in order to observe possible causes”.
To avoid these problems, experts recommend performing a “good Dry ears without introducing any objects or objects into the ear canal, avoid water entering the ear, and do not smoke. Those who remain in the water for hours can use specific cleaning and drying sprays or drops.”
his treat It involves the application of dry heat and cleaning of the external ear canal, oral pain relievers, and emergency physicians will evaluate the possibility of topical antibiotic therapy in the form of eye drops. If a wax plug occurs (which can cause the same symptoms), it is important to destroy it with softening drops, which will be removed later by the ENT doctor during an external consultation.
Dr. Bacones advises that “when any of these symptoms occur, you should go to emergency servicesbecause they are mild conditions that are easy to diagnose and treat, but they can become very annoying if the proper approach is not taken in time.
The Emergency Department of Quirónsalud Córdoba Hospital has technologies and specific circuits for: multidisciplinary approach Communicate directly with urology and ENT specialists in case patient referral is required.