Limited access to cities and tourism. Organizations warn that this sector is most at risk for lack of information and material conditions to face the pandemic.
By Angeles Mariscal
In Chiapas, doctors, improvise with plastic bags, a few costumes to supposedly “avoid contamination” of coronavirus in the hospital San Juan Chamula, where to go mainly indigenous population.
In indigenous regions of Los Altos and the jungle of Chiapas, several communities were determined to quarantine those who migrated from these places and in the framework of the pandemic by the Covid-19, returned to spend this time in their villages of origin.
Agencies that work with indigenous communities and leaders of the Zapatista Army of National Liberation (EZLN) explained that, as part of the measures that have been implemented to try to prevent the coronavirus strikes in the tribal areas independently decided to put in isolation who are returning to their villages.
“Are indigenous peoples who migrated to the northern states of the country, the Peninsula of Yucatan, or to the united States. Many of them lost their jobs and now returning to spend the quarantine here, the communities are aware that they can bring the virus. They therefore decided to isolate them as a preventive measure, and once to ensure that they are not sick, they may enter the villages and be with their families”, explained one of the doctors working in the hospital San Andrés Larráinzar.
Although this measure is not unanimous, neither is it widespread in all indigenous areas of Chiapas, yes applies where there is a greater community coordination, among them the places where the EZLN has influence.
The EZLN, from march 16, determined to close their centers meeting, because he said there was sufficient evidence that the pandemic by the coronavirus is a real threat to their communities.
Last Thursday, through an audio message that the Subcomandante Tacho -one of the leaders of the organization – sent to the villages the zapatistas, they talked about the measures they are implementing in these regions.
Among them, he cited the quarantine preventive that applies to returning migrants. The “brothers ” that come out, in some communities have been isolated and after 15 or 20 days admitted with their families. So we are safe and we are avoiding any contagion that may come from outside,” he said.
He also reported that some communities are avoiding the traffic of public transport vehicles that have the route in the municipalities of Las Margaritas, Ocosingo, La Trinitaria, among other places.
“These agreements can prevent the spread because we do not know who is infectedand that’s why we need to make those measures. We know of you. We know that you have closed resorts to prevent brothers and sisters from other countries come. We don’t know if they are infected of the virus. These agreements come from the communities (are) necessary precautions to avoid the contagion”, said the zapatista leader.
Alongside these measures, organizations of doctors and specialists who work with indigenous communities, they agreed to work together to design systems of care that are feasible to be applied in those regions.
However, they recognized that in this moment, there are no material conditions to meet the Covid-19. The Human Rights Center Fray Bartolomé de Las Casas pointed out that in the case of indigenous peoples, there is a lack of accurate information in their own language; there is an absence of health facilities properly installed, protocols for the protection of the population in rural areas, under the conditions of the cultural environment.
And has also not been established for the indigenous regions, a policy of care in cases of emergency, those revenue people with health conditions of high risk. In fact, in hospitals in these regions, doctors have had to make protective suits with plastic bags used for garbage.