What are its symptoms and how is it spread?

In our country, the spread of the virus stopped in 1993 and only imported cases have been detected since then.

he Ministry of Health One case confirmed Measles in Chile. The patient, aged 42, traveled to Algeria a few months ago for academic reasons, from which the virus is believed to have been imported.

From the portfolio, they confirm that they are executing Epidemiological Investigation corresponding to this example. Therefore, the presence or absence of active patients who have been in contact with infected persons will be analyzed.In addition, it was announced Vaccination regimens for high-risk groups.

This case belongs to a group not specifically protected against measles: Born between 1971 and 1981, have never been vaccinated against the virus or have never been vaccinated against the virus. Therefore, Minsal requires these people to be vaccinated against measles before going abroad.

Chile eliminated transmission of the disease 30 years ago.In the past few decades, only Import casewill not cause disease outbreaks.

Measles in Chile: symptoms and transmission

It is an infectious disease spread through respiratory secretions (snot or sneeze).these sprays They can be suspended in the air for up to 2 hours, which is good for spreading. It is also spread through direct contact with nasal secretions.

The best way to avoid getting infected is to get vaccinated.This step is very important because no antiviral treatment fight the disease. Especially considering its high death rate.

Usually the first symptom of measles is high fever Lasts 4 to 7 days.Subsequently, there may be Cough, red eyes, runny nose, and white spots on the cheeks.However, its most obvious affectation is the appearance rashThis is a red or purple lesions or rashes It can appear anywhere on the body and last for 1 to 2 weeks.

A person can be contagious both 4 days before and 4 days after the rash appears.

In the most severe cases, complications such as Pneumonia, blindness, encephalitis, ear infection, or persistent diarrhea.All of these signs can eventually lead to death, especially in Under 5 years old and over 30 years oldand primarily for patients with weakened immune systems.

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