Sinusitis is an inflammation of the nose and sinuses characterized by two or more symptoms, one of which must be a blocked or runny nose.
Other characteristic symptoms of sinusitis are facial pain or pressure and a reduced or lost sense of smell.
When these symptoms persist for more than 12 weeks, it is called chronic sinusitis (CS).
Although chronic sinusitis is not a serious disease, it severely affects patients’ quality of life and results in high public health costs and significant sick leave, as it is estimated that 14% of the world’s population suffers from the disease.
What are the causes and triggers of chronic sinusitis?
Among the most common factors inducing chronic sinusitis, it can be highlighted:
allergy: Although there is no clear relationship, it appears that having allergies contributes to the development of chronic sinusitis, especially chronic sinusitis with polyps.
asthma: The relationship between asthma, other lower respiratory tract diseases, and chronic sinusitis is undisputed. About 25% of people with chronic sinusitis also have asthma, compared with 5% of the general population.
Immunodeficiency: There is strong evidence that immune deficiencies, such as selective immunoglobulin A deficiency, are more common in patients with chronic sinusitis.
Nasal anatomical variations: Some people believe that blockage of the bony canal complex (the tubes through which mucus drains from the sinuses) is a risk factor for the development of chronic sinusitis. Case review demonstrates a significant association between septal deviation and chronic sinusitis, but clinical effects are limited.
Deterioration of cilia: Poorly functioning cilia (the thin filaments that extend from cells and line the sinuses and push mucus around) is another trigger of chronic sinusitis.
Finally, although there are some less common issues worth mentioning are tobacco and pollution. Both factors are associated with a higher prevalence of chronic sinusitis.
It’s worth noting that chronic sinusitis falls into two broad categories: Chronic sinusitis with nasal polyps and chronic sinusitis without nasal polyps. Polyps are inflammations that occur due to the growth of abnormal but benign tissue. When they become quite large, they can clog the ducts through which mucus passes. About 5% of people develop nasal polyps at least once in their lives, although 80% of these cases do not require surgery.
In turn, in order to confirm the diagnosis of chronic sinusitis with polyps, endoscopy and CT scan are required to determine the cause of nasal congestion.
Treatment of chronic sinusitis
Regardless of duration, sinusitis symptoms are caused by a buildup of mucus in the sinuses, so symptoms may be relieved by draining the mucus. For chronic sinusitis, once diagnosed, treatment should focus on eliminating the cause; for example, removing polyps, correcting the nasal septum, or treating allergies.
In all these cases it is also recommended to use spray Nasal cavity, helps drain water and cleans sinuses.
this is what it does Nasderen®, a 100% natural spray that effectively drains trapped mucus from your sinuses. One application per day is enough to relieve all symptoms of sinusitis.
he spray Nasal congestion® It has immediate effects and no rebound effects or addiction. Nasodren Effectiveness and Safety® It has been proven in more than 30 scientific studies published in the most prestigious medical journals.