At this time of year, dry, windy, dusty conditions and sometimes even the presence of smog in the air cause the eyes to react to damage from the wind containing countless particles and objects that are not good for eye health..
Many particles get into the eyes and cause allergies, in addition to causing inflammation called conjunctivitis and leading to environmentally induced infections.
The Santiago del Estero Academy of Ophthalmology states that these symptoms are irritation, dryness, stinging, tearing, etc. When the infection is contagious, there can also be discharge, scabbing, and discomfort when exposed to light.
It is necessary to avoid moving outdoors in these sometimes very harsh environmental conditions, and you should always visit an ophthalmologist, who will indicate, in addition to the best medicines, the method of treatment to be followed.
conjunctivitis is common
Conjunctivitis is one of the most common and treatable eye diseases in the world. It can affect children and adults. It is an inflammation of the conjunctiva, the thin, clear membrane that covers the inside of the eyelid and the white part of the eye. This inflammation makes the blood vessels more visible, giving the eye a pink or reddish color.
Symptoms can vary, but usually include the following:
Redness or swelling in the white part of the eye or the inside of the eyelid Increased tear production Eye discharge that may be clear, yellow, white, or green Itchy, irritated, or burning sensation in the eye Feeling of sand in the eye Also, invisibility The glasses are uncomfortable or shift when worn.
There are four main causes of conjunctivitis:
* Allergens (such as pet dander or dust mites)
* Irritant substances, such as swimming pool smoke or chlorine, can infect or irritate the lining of the eye and inside the eyelids.
Determining the exact cause of pink eye can be difficult because some signs and symptoms may be the same regardless of the cause.
Wash your hands and help your child wash their hands to help prevent the spread of pink eye.
When conjunctivitis is caused by a virus or bacteria, it is highly contagious and can be passed from one person to another easily and quickly.
Pink eye caused by allergens or irritants is not contagious, however, to reduce the risk of catching or spreading pink eye, follow these simple hygiene measures:
* Wash your hands often with soap and warm water for at least 20 seconds.
* Avoid touching or rubbing eyes.
* Avoid sharing cosmetics, contact lenses and their cases, and eyeglasses.
In these cases, it is important to consult a specialist to provide you with specific treatment or to have specific follow-up visits to detect any other conditions.
This infection must be detected and treated correctly. Bacterial conjunctivitis is highly contagious but usually clears up 7-10 days after symptoms appear. It presents with abundant and yellowish nipple discharge and is treated with eye hygiene and antibiotics.
Many times children are most affected, the pain and itching in the eyes of children causes many people to rub the part that is bothering them, causing greater irritation and infection to the other eye, so they should see an ophthalmologist immediately, they Will definitely recommend appropriate eye drops or antibiotics to best treat these conditions and restore vision health.
What kind of sunglasses are suitable for protecting our eyes?
The best thing we can do to protect our eyes from the wind is to wear sunglasses, which create a barrier between our eyes and the environment. In fact, in addition to protecting the eyes from the wind, sunglasses also protect the eyes from UV radiation, another climate factor that most damages our eyes and contributes to some eye diseases. For example cataracts.
When choosing sunglasses to protect your eyes from wind and other weather elements, it’s important to consider several things.
approved glasses: From opticians or companies that manufacture sunglasses, guaranteed protection against UVA rays. They come in many types and are very affordable. However, they protect the eyes from the wind, but not from the sun’s ultraviolet rays. Therefore, it is essential to have approved sunglasses.
have large crystals: Another consideration in protecting the eyes from the wind is that we use glasses that are as large as possible. The larger its size, the larger the protected face area, making it harder for wind and suspended particles to reach our eyes.
closed structure: Just as the size of the lenses is important, the construction of eyeglass frames also affects the protection they provide. It is best to choose a frame that conforms to ergonomics and fit the face shape as much as possible, so as to avoid the wide space where the wind enters.
Approved crystals and as dark as possible: In addition to eyeglasses which must be approved, lenses must also be approved. We don’t have to worry about this if we buy them in an optical shop. On the other hand, it is best to choose glass that is as dark in color and tone as possible.
What to do if something gets in your eye
Besides being unpleasant, wind also carries particles such as dust, sand or pollen that can end up in our eyes. When this happens, it is important to avoid rubbing your eyes.
Instead, the first thing we should do is protect ourselves from the wind as much as possible in order to clean our eyes properly.
Next, you have to keep blinking to try and clear your eyes of any dirt that may have gotten into them.
If that’s not enough, we can use eye drops or artificial tears to better clean the surface of the eye and ensure that any debris that may be blown by the wind is expelled.
If we do not have quick access to eye drops or artificial tears, we can use water, but to be clear, it should never be the first choice as it is unsterilized and can cause eye infections. For example, conjunctivitis.
Finally, if the itching and redness of the eye does not disappear within the next few minutes, it is best to see a doctor so that he can assess the patient’s condition and rule out possible damage.