What is avian influenza? – on the pitch

it is caused by a strain of virus Influenza Aone of the most famous strains is H5N1. The disease varies in virulence, from less pathogenic strains to less pathogenic strains. Highly pathogenic strains that can cause severe outbreaks and high mortality in birds.

What species does it affect?

Avian influenza can affect many species of birds, Both wild and domestic.This includes poultry e.g. Chicken, duck, turkey and gooseas well as wild birds, e.g. Waterfowl, migratory birds and birds of prey.

Additionally, viruses sometimes infect Mammals, such as pigs, cats In rare cases, there are humans.

It has also been observed to affect marine mammals such as seals and sea lions, which unfortunately occurs in the northern region of the country, It covers from Arica to CoquimboBut the situation is even more serious in the Antofagasta region, where a 42% mortality rate has been recorded.

Chile: No bird flu in poultry, but marine species affected

September 21, National Disaster Preparedness and Response Service (Senapred) Declaration to Chile Industrial production centers and family farms are free of highly pathogenic avian influenza, This is good news.

As the organization stated in a statement, the decision was taken after analyzing information released by the Agriculture and Livestock Authority (SAG) on August 22 and applying all guidance from the World Organization for Animal Health (WHO).

The Ministry of Health is committed to continuously monitoring the situation at the national level through: Preventive warnings have been launched in 12 of the 16 regions across the country. Coordinated with SAG and the National Fisheries and Aquaculture Service (Sernapesca).

However, the situation in Antofagasta will continue yellow alert levelSennaprede said.

Since the first positive cases of migratory birds were detected in Arica and Parinacota, Tarapaca and Antofagasta on December 5, 2022, The disease spread throughout Chile, also affecting sea lions, penguins and otters.

The authorities introduced epidemiological control and surveillance measures for virus contacts on March 29 this year The only human case detected was a 53-year-old adult in Tocopia commune.

What should you do if you encounter suspicious circumstances?

When a case of avian influenza is suspected, immediate steps must be taken to prevent the spread of the disease, protect the health of birds and other animals, and protect public health in the event of a zoonotic strain. Here are some key actions to consider:

Isolation and quarantine: Immediately separate affected or suspected infected birds from healthy birds to prevent the spread of the virus.

notify: Notify local veterinary authorities or agricultural authorities of suspected avian influenza outbreaks. This is essential for taking appropriate control and monitoring measures.

disinfect: Thoroughly clean and disinfect the facilities, equipment and clothing used to avoid cross-contamination.

sport control: Restrict the movement of birds and people into and out of affected areas to prevent the spread of the virus.

Public health risk assessment: For strains with zoonotic potential, such as H5N1, additional measures should be taken to protect exposed persons, such as the use of personal protective equipment and health monitoring.

Vaccination and follow-up: In some cases, vaccinating birds can be used as a preventive measure. In addition, ongoing surveillance is necessary to detect any new cases and respond quickly.

It is important to note that avian influenza is a notifiable disease in most countries, meaning that any suspected or confirmed cases must be reported to the relevant authorities for appropriate action.

important: If you see any dead mammals stranded on the beach, do not approach them and call the authorities immediately 800 320 032

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