What is extreme dehydration and what are the symptoms to watch out for

not only in summerand for the rest of the year, it will be necessary to good moisturizing and is mostly water-basedalso belongs towater rich foodSuch as fruits and vegetables.

But fundamentally, we stick with water. And a really refreshing liquid. Here it is: beer, wine, even soft drinks are not worth it. In this sense, there is only one exception: when we exercise. In this case, we can choose isotonic drinks to restore the lost salt through sweating.

“When dehydration is present, dehydration occurs negative fluid balance Or what happens when you lose more water than you take in”, as they read from Spanish Society of Endocrinology and Nutrition (SEEN).

If you have this dehydration, if you have this negative balance, nutrients are blocked from reaching the different parts of our body, making it difficult for them to do their work. So, according to the scientific society, the consequences could be severe, and logically, the more water you lose, the worse the consequences.

so much so that according to Psychologist Silvia Arava explainsLosing as little as 2% of our water intake can lose some of our focus and ability to concentrate. Therefore, when we are studying, working or even taking exams, it is very important to have a bottle of water in hand and drink it bit by bit.

These symptoms are warning signs of dehydration

SEEN explains that when mildly dehydrated, we can notice or feel the following symptoms: headache, tiredness, or confusion.They may also occur if the condition worsens and dehydration begins to become more pronounced Vomiting, increased heart and breathing ratesincluding decreased consciousness.

And – they add from SEEN – you can feel the terrible heat strokeit happens when our body temperature rises uncontrollably, when we fail to “thermoregulate”, which is why medical attention is needed in these cases.

On the other hand, as they explain, in terms of expertsXinfathe leading cause of dehydration due to excess water loss, “first and foremost” vomiting and acute diarrhea. Often caused by gastroenteritis, especially in young children; excessive sweating, such as during a high fever, heat wave, or exercise, or excessive urination, usually due to diabetes, chronic renal failure, or other kidney disease, or use of medications such as diuretics “. They also add that it can be caused by a minor infection, such as a cold, especially in young children and the elderly because they don’t want to eat or drink. That’s why it’s important to monitor their fluid intake.

Therefore, it is very important to clarify Some populations are at risk and should be more likely to avoid dehydrationbecause there is more respect for the situation: babies and small children; the elderly and the elderly; and people with chronic diseases like diabetes.

Special attention should also be paid to athlete especially People who exercise regularly but are not used to exercising, because when we exercise, a lot of fluid is lost through sweat.So, as we are This is what you drink when you exercise, losing just 2% of body water can mean a 20% drop in performance. Also, staying hydrated before, during, and after exercising is important.

Finally, as SEEN explains, It is important to always drink according to our needs, based on the activities we are doing, and most importantly, as we commented, focus on those who are at risk or more vulnerable. However, for the general population, under normal circumstances, it is recommended to drink about 2 liters of water and fluids per day.

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