Although monkeypox was first reported in Denmark in 1958, monkeypox outbreaks have been reported around the world since 2022 and have caused great concern in recent months when monkeypox was being sent to humans found in monkeys. According to research, the first human case was reported in the Democratic Republic of the Congo in 1970. But what is monkeypox?
Infectious diseases caused by viruses are mainly spread by direct contact with infectious lesions on the skin or other parts of the body, such as the mouth or genitals. Additionally, it can be transmitted from animals to humans through bites or scratches, or by handling carcasses, cooking, or eating infected animals.
Symptoms of monkeypox include a painful rash, swollen lymph nodes, fever, muscle aches and sore throat. As the rash progresses, fluid-filled lesions appear that may be itchy or painful. These lesions dry out and scab over before falling off.
In some cases, the rash may precede or accompany other symptoms and may be limited to certain areas such as the groin area, mouth, or internally, however, it should be noted that most people recover fully from monkeypox 2- After 4 weeks, some people may become very ill.
Health complications from monkeypox
Complications of the disease can include bacterial skin infection, pneumonia, vision loss, difficulty swallowing, severe dehydration or malnutrition, inflammation of organs such as the brain, heart, rectum, reproductive organs or urinary tract, and even death. Patients with weakened immune systems due to medication or disease are at higher risk for serious illness.
In terms of diagnosis, it is important to distinguish monkeypox from other infections and conditions that may have similar symptoms, such as chickenpox, measles, bacterial skin infections, scabies, herpes, syphilis, other sexually transmitted infections, and drug allergies. Therefore, laboratory testing is essential to confirm the diagnosis and prevent further spread.
If you experience some of these symptoms, SuperLike recommends that you first see your doctor for a more accurate diagnosis.
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