What is Streptococcus pyogenes, the bacteria that has killed three people in San Juan

Streptococcus pyogenes, also known as group A Streptococcus, is a pathogenic bacteria that can cause a variety of diseases in humans. It is part of the genus Streptococcus bacteria, characterized by the chain-like shape of Gram-positive cocci.

Streptococcus pyogenes can cause a variety of infections, from mild throat infections to severe and life-threatening infections. Some of the illnesses it can cause include:

1) Strep throat: This is a throat infection that causes a sore throat, fever, swollen tonsils, and swollen glands in the neck.

2) Impetigo: This skin infection appears as blisters or sores on the skin, usually around the mouth and nose.

3) Cellulitis: This is an infection of the skin and subcutaneous tissue that can cause redness, swelling, and pain in the affected area.

4) Scarlet fever: It is a disease characterized by fever, rash, red tongue, and swollen throat caused by toxins produced by Streptococcus pyogenes.

5) Rheumatic Fever: This is an autoimmune disease that may be a complication of improperly treated Streptococcus pyogenes infection. It can affect the heart, joints, skin and other organs.

6) Acute glomerulonephritis: This is another complication that can occur after a Streptococcus pyogenes infection and affects the kidneys.

It is important to treat infections caused by Streptococcus pyogenes with antibiotics to prevent serious complications. Additionally, measures must be taken to prevent the spread of germs, such as frequent hand washing, proper oral hygiene, and promoting personal and household hygiene practices.

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