Agustín Gerez, president of Integración Energética Argentina (IEASA), former Enarsa, participates in the COP26 World Climate Summit, in Glasgow, Scotland, and assured that the Argentina has to offer the world the export of clean energy as a contribution against climate change and at the same time, he pointed out that this can generate an economic “benefit” to the country.
“What we can offer the world in terms of natural resources so that our economy benefits is the export of gas that is not completely clean, but is cleaner than, for example, carbon or liquid fuels. Also, within the calls Renewable energy is developing green hydrogen so that wind and solar energy is also exportable. This export has to generate a benefit for Argentina and that benefit will also translate into something good for the population“Gerez said in statements to the program Russian Roulette by Nancy Pazos (Rock & Pop).
Argentina recalled Gerez is a “Environmental creditor” of the most developed countries, because it produces a small proportion of the greenhouse gases that are released into the atmosphere and cause climate change. “There are 10 countries that concentrate 70% of the gases among which are Germany, Russia, the US, India, China”, among others. TWe have to start to see what all these nations offer us to understand what the climate and energy transition will be towards a more sustainable world ”.
Project in Bahía Blanca
The most “ideal and sustainable” change, Gerez added, would be “that of renewable energies, but the big problem we have is that these renewable energies are still expensive. That is why we have to talk about social justice when we talk about climate change ”. We cannot subject our population to having to pay for solar or wind energy, which is more expensive to comply with the environmental commitments that those that concentrate 70% of emissions are imposing on us ”, he explained.
Upon the main features of the green hydrogen project in which the state company is advancing (IEASA), former Enarsa, in the zone of White Bay, with him German Fraunhofer Institute, Gerez specified that it will be the first large-scale technology plan in the country. Production will be developed through the generation of wind energy in a park of 200 MW of power located in front of the sea.
It is one of the contributions that Argentina can offer to the world to stop climate change, since “Worldwide, it is part of the fulfillment of the Paris Agreement” that is to say that it will allow progress in “decarbonization, which will be a business tool, and not only to be able to live in a healthy world”.
“Another objective we have is that it begins to materialize the possibility of exporting renewable energies, where Argentina is very competitive because it has the best solar and wind prospects in the world. The possibility of exporting renewable energy through green ammonia can be very interesting for all players in the energy industry. One could get to speak of a small new export pole by virtue of how this is developing globally ”, he revealed.
When detailing what the green hydrogen project is based on, Gerez recalled that in “2012, when YPF was nationalized, it was known that Vaca Muerta existed, but nobody was developing it because nobody knew about it. The first wells made by YPF, which were very expensive for what the industry is today, were the ones that allowed subsequent massive development. What we want to do with the green hydrogen project is similar to what happened in that first stage of Vaca Muerta: the State present in the first instance giving impetus to a sector that seems unknown ”, he remarked.
To carry it out, the IEASA green hydrogen initiative yesterday signed an agreement with the German Fraunhofer Institute. The European entity will carry out a technical and economic development of the project, which will be located near Bahía Blanca. IEASA will participate in the analysis processes, during which there will be an “important transfer of knowledge,” Gerez explained.
The green hydrogen will come from a 200 MW wind generation park on IEASA’s own property near Bahía Blanca. There are 200 hectares with 2.5 kilometers facing the sea. According to calculations made in the wind sector, a 200 MW park could require an investment of 300 million dollars.
“One objective we have is that the possibility of exporting renewable energies begins to materialize, where Argentina is very competitive,” he insisted the president of IEASA.
Regarding the characteristics of the initiative, Gerez explained that Bahía Blanca will be “a 200 MW wind farm, in a first stage dedicated exclusively to the production of green hydrogen. The idea is that is not connected to the energy transmission grid, but is directly linked to the production of hydrogen through its connection with electrolysers (a device that makes it possible to produce hydrogen through a chemical process) ”.
The technical and economic study will be carried out by the Fraunhofer Institute, ”this means that it will tell us what technology we have to use, how much it costs and where it is available. This is central because today in the electrolyzer industry the supply is less than the demand because it is in recent growth to scale. In addition, it will identify us who could be our potential hydrogen buyers within the local industry ”, he stressed.
Briefly, he explained that the technology to be used is “electrolysers” that will require “a large amount of water to be able to produce hydrogen.”
“We have a first objective that points to the petrochemical complex of Bahía Blanca, which already uses hydrogen. Our idea is that the industry begins to replace part of the hydrogen that it already uses with green hydrogen. On the other hand, and as a second instance of demand for green hydrogen, we have the possibility of producing green ammonia to seek export markets, which would potentially be Europe and Japan ”, it was hoped.
Regarding the amount of energy that could be produced by the pole to be installed in the south of the province of Buenos Aires, he specified that “it will be a 200 MW wind energy project with a capacity factor of Bahía Blanca, which is within one of the best in Argentina, 57 or 60 percent ”.
“What I still cannot define because it depends on the technical instance of the electrolysers and the technology used is how much green hydrogen production all that wind energy translates into.. This, which is the hydrogen economy, is what we are going to finish defining with the Fraunhofer Institute in the next 60 days ”, he stressed.