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Which Latin American countries were excluded from Joe Biden’s summit for democracy

Joe Biden, President of the United States (EFE / EPA / JIM LO SCALZO)
Joe Biden, President of the United States (EFE / EPA / JIM LO SCALZO)

The president of the United States, Joe biden, invited almost 110 countries to participate in its virtual summit for democracy in December, including your nation’s main Western allies, as well as Iraq, India and Pakistan, according to the list published Tuesday by the State Department.

China was not invited, unlike Taiwan, at the risk of provoking the ire of Beijing. Turkey, an ally of Washington in NATO, also does not appear among the participating countries.

From the Middle East, only Israel and Iraq were summoned to this online meeting organized by Biden on December 9 and 10. Traditional Arab allies of the United States such as Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Qatar or the United Arab Emirates are not invited.

With regard to Latin America, the US president invited Brazil, Argentina, chili, Colombia, Ecuador, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru and Uruguay. Venezuela, Cuba and Nicaragua were excluded, three countries ruled by dictatorships, in addition to Bolivia and The Savior.

The dictators Daniel Ortega, Nicolás Maduro and Miguel Díaz-Canel, from Nicaragua, Venezuela and Cuba respectively.  Their countries were not invited to the summit
The dictators Daniel Ortega, Nicolás Maduro and Miguel Díaz-Canel, from Nicaragua, Venezuela and Cuba respectively. Their countries were not invited to the summit

In Europe, Poland is represented, despite recurring tensions with Brussels over respect for the rule of lawAlthough Hungary, headed by controversial Prime Minister Viktor Orbán, is not on the State Department’s list.

As for Africa, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kenya, South Africa, Nigeria and Niger are among the guests.

Since arriving at the White House in January, Biden’s foreign policy has focused on the combat between democracies and “autocracies”, from their perspective embodied by China and Russia.

In that line, the “Summit for Democracy” is one of its priorities, in addition to one of his campaign promises.

Former Bolivian President Evo Morales in a ceremony with the current president, Luis Arce.  Bolivia was not invited to the summit either (REUTERS / Patricia Pinto / Archive)
Former Bolivian President Evo Morales in a ceremony with the current president, Luis Arce. Bolivia was not invited to the summit either (REUTERS / Patricia Pinto / Archive)

Declining democracies

“For a first summit (…) there are good reasons to have a wide range of actors in mind: this allows a better exchange of ideas”he told the news agency AFP Laleh Ispahani of the Open Society Foundations, prior to the publication of the list.

According to Ispahani, rather than holding an anti-China meeting, a country that he calls a “lost opportunity”, Biden should take advantage of these meetings that will also bring together civil society leaders to “attack the crisis that represents the serious decline of democracy around the world, even for relatively solid models like the United States ”.

This summit was organized in view of the numerous setbacks that democracy has suffered in recent months in countries where the United States had high hopes.

Among them Sudan and Burma, scenes of military coups; Ethiopia, trapped in conflict at risk of “imploding”, according to Washington; as well as Afghanistan, where the Taliban seized power after the United States left the country after 20 years of democratization efforts.

A Sudanese protester holds the national flag next to burning tires during a demonstration in the capital, Khartoum (EFE / Mohammed Abu Obaid)
A Sudanese protester holds the national flag next to burning tires during a demonstration in the capital, Khartoum (EFE / Mohammed Abu Obaid)

The full list of invited countries

Albania

Germany

Angola

Old and bearded

Argentina

Armenia

Australia

Austria

Bahamas

Barbados

Belgium

Belize

Botswana

Brazil

Bulgaria

Cape Verde

Canada

chili

Colombia

Costa Rica

Croatia

Cyprus

Czech Republic

Democratic Republic of Congo

Denmark

Dominica

Dominican Republic

Ecuador

Estonia

Fiji

Finland

France

Georgia

Ghana

Greece

grenade

Guyana

Iceland

India

Indonesia

Iraq

Ireland

Israel

Italy

Jamaica

Japan

Kenya

Kiribati

Kosovo

Latvia

Liberia

Lithuania

Luxembourg

Malawi

Malaysia

Maldives

malt

Marshall Islands

Mauricio

Mexico

Micronesia

Moldova

Mongolia

Montenegro

Namibia

Nauru

Nepal

Netherlands

New Zealand

Niger

Nigeria

North macedonia

Norway

Pakistan

Palau

Panama

Papua New Guinea

Paraguay

Peru

Philippines

Poland

Portugal

Romania

Saint Kitts and Nevis

St. Lucia

St. Vincent and the Grenadines

Samoa

Sao Tome and Principe

Senegal

Serbia

Seychelles

Slovakia

Slovenia

Solomon Islands

South Africa

South Korea

Spain

Surinam

Sweden

Switzerland

Taiwan

East Timor

Tonga

Trinidad and Tobago

Tuvalu

Ukraine

United Kingdom

Uruguay

Vanuatu

Zambia

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HELEN HERNANDEZ

Helen Hernandez is our best writer. Helen writes about social news and celebrity gossip. She loves watching movies since childhood. Email: Helen@oicanadian.com Phone : +1 281-333-2229

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