Cinema in Mexico had its best moment starting in the 1930s, a period known as the Golden Age. During those years, national films achieved great success in the Aztec lands, as well as allowed some filmmakers and actors to make their way through Hollywood and Europe. Although it was the cradle of achievements, its decline was not long in coming, ending in the late 1950s.
There are experts who say that the Golden Age began with silent films, but there are those who think that it was rather with There in the big ranch, a film that managed to reach abroad to begin to perpetuate the image of Mexicans.
Since then, Mexico has been characterized by making historical films, with a lot of drama, many of them had a rancher or charro as the protagonist and none of them lacked actors who had a voice worked to sing.
During these years Pedro Infante, Jorge Negrete, Mario Moreno Cantinflas, Maria Felix, Dolores del Rio, Blanca Estela Pavón, Elsa aguirre, Silvia Pinal, among other histriones, positioned themselves as a national pride. However, some had to leave the cinema at the same time that it began its decline from the 1950s, when new genres began to emerge and cause anger among the public.
There are several explanations as to why the best era of Mexican cinema has come to an end. There are those who point out that it was due to the death of Pedro Infante in 1957, one of the most important icons the country has had. And is that the Idol of the people would have been the favorite of many people from the public, so they did not take importance to what the film industry could give if the Sinaloan was not there.
There are others who assure that it was a crisis that Mexican entertainment suffered when the WWII, as Europe and the United States took up cinema again, using their best strategies to position themselves as the best producers. In addition, the Mexican people were also going through great social changes that resulted in the public looking for other types of content.
There is also the explanation that points to the TV as the cause that productions began to have less force and that people were less and less interested in going to the cinemas to see a film.
In the late 1950s Mexican Television had already reached a large part of the country’s homes, it was even documented how the telenovela Gutierritos achieved a shot in the sale of televisions, because people wanted to be able to see these kinds of stories from the comfort of their homes, which could deliver different chapters of the same plot.
Finally, there is also the version that what brought the Golden Age to an end was Luis Bunuel. As explained by Hugo Villa, director of the Filmoteca, in an interview with Cinema Sector, the Spanish filmmaker brought to Mexico a disruptive cinema, which annoyed much of the public and made controversial.
It was The forgotten (1950) the film that would have demolished the stereotype of the country, making a harsh and tragic reflection on the social and economic problems suffered by Mexicans, especially young people. He managed to break with the paradigm of cinema in Mexico.
At the time, Jorge Negrete, director of the National Association of Actors (ANDA) inclusive threatened to remove the film entirely Y get Buñuel out of the country. However, the applause for this production abroad managed to see another side of cinema and start a new era.