Dr. María Agustina Sevilla, an otolaryngologist at the Quirónsalud Murcia Hospital, recommends avoiding stress, frequent nasal irrigation, using an air humidifier and not frequenting smoky or polluted spaces as among the key measures to avoid worsening of sinusitis symptoms. The most common symptoms of autumn.
Sinusitis is a respiratory disease characterized by inflammation of the paranasal sinuses, the cavities located on the forehead, cheeks, and behind the eyes, caused by fungal or bacterial infections.
Sinusitis is divided into two categories: acute sinusitis, in which symptoms occur for four weeks or less and is usually caused by bacteria; and chronic sinusitis, which occurs over three months in which the cause may be bacteria or Fungi.
Symptoms of sinusitis
The main symptoms of sinusitis are excess mucus, nasal congestion or congestion with a feeling of heaviness, facial pain, or headaches. “Nevertheless,” Dr. Sevilla warns, “in some cases, other symptoms may occur, such as nosebleeds, decreased sense of smell, toothache, cough that worsens at night, eye discomfort, or fever.”
How to Treat Sinusitis
In the treatment of acute sinusitis, in addition to providing the patient with appropriate antibiotic therapy, the goal is to overcome inflammation and obstruction of the paranasal sinus cavities. “In addition,” points out the otolaryngologist from Quirónsalud Murcia, “if we do not address the disorder, the problem will persist or worsen. In these cases, doctors recommend the use of topical and/or systemic medications, depending on the severity of the symptoms Treatment is with corticosteroids, along with antibiotics and agents that promote mucus drainage and flushing.”
Dr. Sevilla noted, “Treatment of chronic sinusitis is more complex and of longer duration, and includes weekly antibiotics for 3 months in addition to topical corticosteroids, irrigation, and surgery.” Sinus Endoscopy Endoscopy can eliminate infected areas or polyps that may be causing the obstruction so that the cavity can be ventilated. “
Endoscopic sinus surgery is a surgical technique aimed at removing pathologies of the paranasal and paranasal sinuses, normalizing their drainage to the nasal fossae and improving their function. “It is performed through the nostrils, using rigid endoscopic optics to access the inside of the nose, usually leaving no external scars and requiring no hospitalization,” details the specialist at Quirónsalud in Murcia.