As regions enter fall, understanding the causes and risk factors associated with this disease is critical to effectively combating it.
Here, we provide a detailed guide on the main causes and risk factors of bronchitis.
Viral infections: Acute bronchitis is usually the result of a cold or flu, often caused by viruses such as rhinovirus and influenza viruses.
Exposure to irritating substances: Substances that irritate the respiratory tract, including tobacco smoke, dust, chemical vapors, etc., may cause chronic bronchitis.
Bacterial infection: Although less common, bronchitis can also be caused by bacteria, such as Mycoplasma pneumoniae.
smokes: Whether active or passive, it remains an important risk factor because tobacco smoke can irritate the respiratory tract.
History of respiratory illness: People with a history of respiratory illness may be at increased risk for bronchitis.
Exposure to irritating substances at work: Workers exposed to dust, chemical fumes, and other irritants are at higher risk for chronic bronchitis.
Environmental pollution: Living in an area with high air pollution increases the likelihood of bronchitis.
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Cold and flu season: Cases of acute bronchitis increase significantly during cold and flu season.
Cold and wet climates: Cold, humid climates can aggravate bronchitis symptoms, especially in susceptible people.
age: Young children and the elderly are at higher risk because of weak or compromised immune systems.
Weakened immune system: People with weakened immune systems due to illness or medications are more likely to develop bronchitis.
Identifying and understanding the causes and risk factors associated with bronchitis is an important step in preventing and properly treating this respiratory disease. Precautions, such as quitting smoking, avoiding exposure to respiratory irritants, and practicing good hand hygiene, must be taken to reduce the risk of bronchitis.