These are the characteristic symptoms that tell whether you have COVID-19, influenza A or a cold

Amid ongoing public health concerns and an increase in respiratory illnesses this winter, it is critical to differentiate between the following symptoms: COVID-19, influenza A and the common cold for early detection and appropriate management.

These are the characteristic symptoms that distinguish the three diseases

Coronavirus disease:

The most common symptoms include fever, persistent cough, loss of smell and taste, severe fatigue, shortness of breath and muscle pain. In addition, it is important to be aware of less common symptoms such as sore throat, nasal congestion, nausea or diarrhea.

Influenza A:

Influenza A, also known as H1N1 influenza, has some of the same symptoms as COVID-19, but there are also some key differences. Affected people may develop sudden fever, severe headache, cough, extreme fatigue and muscle aches. Influenza A usually strikes more strongly and quickly than the common cold.


Symptoms of the common cold are usually mild compared to COVID-19 and influenza A. Typical symptoms include nasal congestion, sneezing, mild sore throat, occasional cough, and possibly a low-grade fever. Loss of smell and taste is rare with a cold.

It is important to remember that the best way to confirm the presence of these disorders is through pappropriate medical examination. If you develop any of these symptoms, please seek medical advice and follow public health guidance to protect yourself and others.

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