Which childhood vaccines the state does not fund, how much they cost and why they are needed

Although in Spain most Recommended childhood vaccines Funding is provided by the state through childhood vaccine program (VFC), according to Spanish Pediatric Association primary care (AEPap), which Not covered by social security.

That is to say, there are a series of vaccines that appear in the vaccination plan of the autonomous region, but they are not free (except for people included in certain risk groups).these vaccines Can be purchased with a prescription Families wishing to give these medications to their children can purchase them at pharmacies.

Keep up to date with the latest developments childhood vaccinesIn addition to your usual medical providers, you can also consult directly with a medical facility Spanish Pediatric Association Vaccine Advisory Committee (CAV-AEP), updated its Vaccination schedule Consider the available evidence. They analyze the data to determine possible recommendations in vaccination programs as new immunizations emerge.

AEP’s pediatricians are committed to ensuring there are Single immunization schedule for all of Spain Moreover, in his opinion, they have “Moving in the right direction”generally including:

  • this pneumococcal vaccine in the first year of life.
  • vaccine Anti-Cheeks Divided into 2 doses, given at 15 months and 3-4 years of age.
  • Vaccination age advanced girls in front of human papilloma virus
  • incorporate Children over 12 years old in vaccination papillomavirus.
  • this Hexavalent vaccine 2+1 schedule at 2, 4 and 11 months. The vaccine protects against diphtheria, tetanus, whooping cough, polio, Haemophilus influenzae type B (the same infections the pentavalent vaccine protects against), and hepatitis B.
  • Vaccination Quadrivalent meningococcal vaccine (ACWY) at age 12 yearsand pay the ransom until the age of 18.
  • and with Universal SARS-CoV-2 vaccine for ages 5 to 18 years For high-risk individuals aged 6 to 59 months.

despite this, Some requests are still pending. Many families cannot afford the cost of vaccines outside of social security, especially families with many children, which creates social inequality. Paid vaccines are not cheap.

What childhood vaccines are not funded by the state?

1.Immunization Infant anti-rotavirusfree only in Castile and Leon.

2.Quadrivalent meningococcal vaccine (MenACWY) At 12 months of age, the vaccine replaces the meningococcal C vaccine and has so far been funded by only six autonomous communities.

3.Prevent respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) diseasewhich can lead to bronchiolitis, new Monoclonal antibodies Nisevimab. Nirsevimab is recommended for use in infants younger than 6 months of age and infants younger than 2 years of age, as those at risk for this disease.

The Spanish Pediatric Association asks the Autonomous Communities and the Ministry of Health to jointly provide financial support to fund a full system calendar for children living in Spain.

How about Becero? Meningococcal B vaccine

There are two vaccines against meningococcal type B, the bacteria that causes 65% of meningitis meningitis Children’s.its about becero (for children over 2 years old) and Truemamba (from age 10).Worth both Over €106 per dose Two to three doses are required. The vaccine is funded only in some autonomous regions. Castile and Leon and the Canary Islands (from 2019), Andalusia, Catalonia (from 2022) and more recently in Aragon, Basque Country, Valencian Community, Asturias, Castilla-La Mancha, Murcia, Navarra and Madrid (from 2022 for people born after November 2022).

Rotavirus vaccines (Rotarix and RotaTeq)

rotavirus, which causes Gastroenteritis with severe diarrhea, a potentially serious disease. The rotavirus vaccines Rotarix and RotaTeq are given in two and three doses respectively. Both vaccines recommend starting the first dose at 6 weeks of age, but schedules and age limits differ.

Rotarix is ​​best given before 12 weeks, with the second dose before 16 weeks, priced at 93.67 euros per dose. RotaTeq must be started before week 12 and finished by week 32, preferably between weeks 20 and 22, and costs €69.50 per dose.

In both cases, the minimum interval between doses is four weeks, and they are not interchangeable. Since January 2020, Murcia Premature babies can receive the Rotarix vaccine for free.

Meningococcal ACWY Vaccine

There are several families (serogroups) of meningococci Each family of this bacteria requires a specific vaccine. The most important are serogroups A, B, C, W, W, and Y, which caused an increasing number of cases before the emergence of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic.

Of the several vaccines available, some provide protection against a single serogroup, while others provide protection against multiple serogroups in a single formulation. The most common in the European calendar is meningococcal type C, and in Spain it is included in the calendar for sponsored children.

In 2013, the first vaccine against serogroup B was authorized for use in EU countries, and the vaccine has been included in the calendars of some countries, with a second vaccine also approved for use in 2017. These two vaccines are the aforementioned Bexsero and Trumenba, which can be purchased at pharmacies with a prescription.

Meningococcal ACWY, Nimenrix and Menveo vaccines, available at pharmacies. Nimenrix can be taken from 6 weeks of age, while Menveo can be taken from 2 years of age.

As of the 2019-2020 school year, the vaccine is included in the school’s official immunization plan Murcia region For children aged 11 to 12 years old and run by schools. Starting in 2021, adolescents aged 13 to 18 will also be able to receive the vaccine.

CAV-AEP recommends that all children aged 12 months and 12 years receive this vaccine. However, this recommendation is actually only applicable at 12 months in the communities of Castile and León and Andalusia, while it applies to all autonomous communities at 12 years of age. For other age groups, namely those under one year old and those between one and 12 years old, advice is individual and the decision falls to the family.

The vaccine is specifically funded for high-risk groups over 6 weeks of age. Because of the serogroups included in the vaccine, the vaccine is also recommended for children older than 6 weeks of age traveling to countries with a high incidence of invasive meningococcal disease (IMD).

The two vaccines currently available in Spain cost €54.64 per dose and can be given on the same day as any other vaccine, including Meningococcal B vaccineAccording to AEP reports.

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