In the ongoing quest to understand what’s going on in our bodies and take care of our health, it’s crucial to clarify often confusing medical concepts. Two terms that are often confused are “gastritis” and “inflammation of the colon.” Although both involve the gastrointestinal system and can cause abdominal discomfort, they are separate conditions that affect different parts of the digestive tract.
The main difference between gastritis and irritable bowel syndrome is the part of the gastrointestinal system affected, the underlying cause, and the characteristic symptoms.
As the experts in the Mayo Clinic Health Letter explain, gastritis focuses on inflammation of the stomach, while irritable bowel syndrome focuses on changes in bowel patterns and is thought to be influenced by factors such as gut sensitivity and stress .
What is gastritis?
Gastritis is inflammation of the lining of the stomach. This inflammation can be caused by a variety of reasons, including bacterial infection (such as Helicobacter pylori), overuse of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), or lifestyle factors such as stress and excessive alcohol consumption.
Common symptoms of gastritis include abdominal pain, burning, nausea, and even vomiting. And heartburn and indigestion.
Gastritis occurs when the lining of the stomach becomes inflamed. This happens for a number of reasons, such as Helicobacter pylori, which weakens the protective lining of the stomach lining, allowing digestive juices to damage tissue and cause inflammation.
Some medications, such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and corticosteroids, can irritate the stomach and cause gastritis, especially if used long-term.
Excessive production of stomach acid can irritate the stomach lining and cause inflammation. This may be related to factors such as a diet rich in spicy or acidic foods and excessive alcohol consumption.
Additionally, stress increases stomach acid production and weakens the stomach’s defenses.
What is an inflamed colon?
Inflammation of the colon, on the other hand, refers to inflammation of the large intestine (also known as the colon). Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), including Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis, is an example of a disease that can cause chronic inflammation of the colon.
Symptoms include abdominal pain, bloody diarrhea, weight loss, fatigue, and changes in bowel frequency. Its prevention usually involves a healthy lifestyle, a balanced high-fiber diet and drinking enough water.
The exact cause is not fully understood, but according to the book Mayo Digestive Health Clinic, it is believed that several factors may contribute to this condition, such as some changes in diet or stress, especially for intestinal sensitivity and reactivity strong man.
At this time, the bowel contractions may be stronger, longer, or weaker than normal, affecting the normal bowel rhythm. In addition, changes in the composition of gut bacteria can also lead to IBS.
you might be interested:
Stress, anxiety, and depression can trigger or worsen IBS symptoms. The nervous and digestive systems are interconnected and can affect gut symptoms.
Jesús Macías, a Mexican colorectal doctor, assured W Radio, “Our emotions are channeled and expressed at the gut level.”
Tips to Prevent Gastritis and Colon Inflammation
Doctors and research recommend choosing a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean protein to promote a healthy digestive system, and staying hydrated is essential for proper functioning of the GI tract.
Chronic stress can trigger or worsen gastrointestinal problems. Practicing relaxation techniques and mindfulness may be beneficial.
Limiting alcohol intake and using over-the-counter medicines can help prevent gastritis.
In conclusion, both gastritis and colon inflammation are distinct gastrointestinal disorders that require special attention and care. By understanding their differences and adopting healthy practices, people can work towards a more balanced digestive system and a better quality of life.