Going on a trip is one of the most common ways to break out of your routine and get out of your obligations. And that’s good, because missing a vacation can have serious effects on your brain and the rest of your body.
However, it is also important to consider that carrying a suitcase can be detrimental to your health. Depending on the destination, some vaccinations are mandatory or at least recommended Reduce concerns about contagious and potentially serious illness.
Travel-related health risks are higher for certain groups of people, including Infants, young children, pregnant women, the elderly, people with disabilities, immunosuppressed people or people with pre-existing medical problems. Passengers with chronic diseases must carry the necessary medicines with them throughout the trip.
A major health concern when traveling abroad is traveler’s diarrhea associated with: Contaminated food and water. It is caused by multiple infectious agents and may affect up to 80% of travelers to high-risk destinations.its symptoms include Nausea, vomiting, cramping, fever, wanting to have a bowel movement or blood in the stool.
many important infectious diseases, Cholera to hepatitis A and E, listeriosis, campylobacteriosis, or typhoid feverThey are also spread through contaminated food and water.
To avoid this, the Department of Tropical and Travelers Medicine at the University Hospital of La Paz (Madrid) recommends drinking bottled water and avoiding ice cubes. Also discard unpeeled raw food and fruit.
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Vectors play an important role in the spread of many diseases Infectious diseases that can be contracted while traveling abroad. Here, mosquitoes and blood-sucking flies, ticks and certain aquatic snails play a vital role.Therefore, the health department recommends always selecting insect repellent Contains DEET, IR3535 or Icaridin.
The department remembers that any traveler intending to visit developing countriesyou should go to a specialized travel medicine center or consult a doctor at least 4-8 weeks before your trip.
During the consultation you will be able to find out whether there are Mandatory and recommended vaccinations required at your destination Because disease risk matters where you go.
The most common diseases among foreign tourists
Section of Tropical Medicine lists the most common diseases and their symptoms among travelers Routes of infection and preventive measures There are steps you can take to avoid catching them.
Diseases spread by contaminated food:
- Hepatitis A: An infectious disease transmitted by the hepatitis A virus. It has a vaccine, which is recommended for all unimmunized travelers to endemic areas.
- polio: A highly contagious disease caused by a virus that invades the nervous system and can cause total paralysis. Vaccination is recommended for travelers to infected areas. The first symptoms are fever, tiredness, headache, vomiting, stiff neck and pain in extremities.
- typhoid fever: produced by bacteria Salmonella typhi, This life-threatening disease affects the intestines and sometimes the blood. While there is a vaccine, it is also recommended to follow precautions with food and drink.
- anger: While the risk to tourists is very low, it is important to know that this intestinal bacterial disease can be contracted through contaminated food and water. The endemic areas are mainly distributed in Africa, Central and South America and Southeast Asia.
is essential drink bottled water And avoid ice. Also discard unpeeled raw food and fruit. It is recommended to choose cooked food.
Diseases spread by insect bites
- malaria or malaria: It is produced by a parasite transmitted by the bite of an infected mosquito.only Anopheles mosquitoes transmit malaria. Symptoms of this illness may include fever, vomiting and/or headache.
- yellow fever: In some countries, you will not be able to enter the country if you have not had this vaccine. Symptoms of the disease, which is spread through mosquito bites, include fever, headache, jaundice, muscle aches, nausea, vomiting and tiredness.
- dengue: The disease is transmitted by mosquitoes and may be asymptomatic or present with symptoms ranging from moderate to disabling high fever, severe headache, muscle and joint pain, or rash.
There are more diseases transmitted by insects, so it is important avoiding bites of any kind, especially mosquito bites. To do this, you should protect yourself by using insect repellent and wearing light clothing.