Sinusitis: An Infection That Must Be Treated Promptly

Nasal congestion, pain around the forehead and eyes, and bad odor are some of the main symptoms of sinusitis, an infection that affects the sinuses that line the nose, and require prompt medical attention.

ENT doctor Stella Rodríguez explains its causes and treatments.

The frontal and maxillary sinuses are cavities or regions located on the face that have a very important function in nasal physiology. Under normal conditions, air can pass through them without problem, but when their mucous membranes become inflamed, the drainage holes can become blocked and secretions can build up, creating what we know as sinusitis.

“The causes can be varied. They are usually caused by viral or bacterial infections caused by flu status, but can also be due to allergic rhinitis or chronic rhinitis. In addition, there are other influencing factors such as anatomical problems of the nose ( such as deviations or polyps), dental interventions, smoking, environmental pollution and immunosuppressive diseases”, explains otolaryngologist Stella Rodríguez.

most common symptoms

● Pain in the forehead, cheeks, and around the eyes

● headache

● purulent nasal discharge

● Difficulty breathing due to stuffy nose

● a bad smell coming from the nose

● Decreased sense of smell and taste

● fever

“While developing a respiratory infection or exacerbation of allergies, it is important to see a specialist, especially if there is facial pain or odorous discharge. In addition to contributing to poor patient quality of life, paranasal sinus infections can also negatively impact nasal physiology , Change the discharge of secretions. The key is to treat them in time to prevent them from becoming chronic or causing other complications,” the doctor said.

treatment and prevention

According to experts, sinusitis is usually treated with nasal hygiene (done with a saline solution), broad-spectrum antibiotics, and decongestants.

“Surgery is sometimes required to drain the discharge and correct the anatomy that favors stagnant secretions, but this must be observed on a case-by-case basis by a specialist,” adds Stella Rodriguez.

There are also steps you can take to help prevent them. “Among them, the main ones are correcting nasal diseases – rhinitis or surgery -, eliminating bad habits and environmental pollution factors; and strengthening the immune system, getting regular physical exercise and seeking a good balanced diet rich in vitamins to strengthen the defenses capacity”, the otolaryngologist added.

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